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98 terms

AP History Exam Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
European exploration of the Americas resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
development of unified resistance by the Native Americans to European settlement
Cities differed from Neolithic villages in two principal ways. Firstly, cities were larger and more complex than Neolithic villages. Secondly, __________________________.
cities decisively influenced the economic, political and cultural life of large regions
What happened in western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire was similar to what occurred in
China after the fall of the Han
A major influence on the development of western Europe was
The pressure put on Germanic peoples by the movement of the Huns
Which of the following statements is an accurate description of both Buddhism and Hinduism?
Both religions taught the importance of karma in affecting a person's fate
The Mandate of Heaven governed the relationship between the ruler and the ruled in
China
Monasticism was an important aspect of which two of the following religions
Buddhism and Christianity
Which of the following was not a characteristic of early settled agricultural communities?
Equal status for men and women
A characteristic that the Shang Chinese shared with Egyptian civilization was the
Development of a writing system
Which of the following pairs of religions uses images to represent its deity
Hinduism and Christianity
Which major language family arose as a result of migrations beginning in central Asia and spreading to Europe?
Indo-European
Which of the great religious systems below were characterized by monotheism combined with a sacred text and a strong missionary thrust?
Christianity and Islam
Which of the following is true of both the Roman Empire and the Han Empire?
Both empires were characterized by long periods of effective centralized government.
All of the following were part of the Confucian social order except
Chastity by husbands
Judaism, Christianity and Islam share which of the following?
They recognize the existence of Adam and Moses.
With the collapse in political order after the fall of the Han empire
Daoism and Buddhism became much more popular
The phrase pater familias refers to
the patriarchal nature of the Roman family
The school of philosophical thought which was in the end responsible for the unification of China was
Legalism
The fundamental doctrine of Buddhism was known as the
Four Noble Truths
The Greeks used the word polis to refer to
the city-state
The political world of the ancient Greeks
usually consisted of independent, autonomous city-states
The first society of Mesoamerica, which founded traditions followed by all later societies, were the
Olmecs
By 5000 B.C.E. the Mesoamericans had discovered the agricultural potential of __________, which ultimately became the staple food of the region.
maize
In regards to family structure, the __________ retained much more influence in China than in other lands.
extended family
In Hinduism the highest goal of the individual soul was
to escape the cycle of birth and rebirth and enter into permanent union with Brahman
The earliest known civilization in India was the
Harappan
All of the following statements are true in relation to the Harappan society EXCEPT
their writings have provided a wealth of information for historians
The Bantu originally came from around
modern day Nigeria
The Bantu probably began their migrations because of
population pressures
In which of the following societies did women enjoy the most freedom and opportunity?
Egypt
The first simplified alphabet, containing only 22 letters, was created by the
Phoenicians
Ethical monotheism was in the tradition of the
Hebrews
The Mesopotamian style of writing was known as
cuneiform
In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and heavily indebted individuals were the three main sources for
slaves
Which of the following is true of commerce in the Indian Ocean during the time period 600-1450 C.E.?
Indian Ocean commerce flourished and was conducted by a mixture of Asian, Middle Eastern, and East African merchants.
Which of the following lists three places Ibn Battuta, the fourteenth-century Muslim traveler, visited?
India, Mali, and Persia
Which of the following had the greatest manufacturing capacity during the time period 600 to 1450 C.E.?
China
The term "samurai" describes men in feudal Japan who were most like the men in feudal Europe known as:
Knights
In the period between 600 and 1450, which of the following were two occupations pursued by large numbers of African and European women?
Midwife and healer
Trade spurred the introduction of both Islam and Hinduism to what is now called:
Indonesia
Renaissance Italy and the Islamic Middle East after the decline of the Abbasid Empire in the mid-tenth century are important examples of which of the following?
Political fragmentation and cultural creativity
Which of the following statements about the Mongol Empire of the thirteenth century is true?
The invasion of Japan was attempted but was unsuccessful
Which of the following was a common feature of most Asian and European philosophies during the period 600 to 1450 C.E.?
a close association with religion
After the expansion of Islam into Africa, an organized Christian presence remained in:
Egypt and Ethiopia
Which of the following contributed to the Chinese government's decision to stop voyages of exploration in the Indian Ocean in the early fifteenth century?
Government concern with domestic problems and frontier security
Which of the following languages came into existence after 1000 C.E. as the direct result of expanding global trade patterns?
Swahili
Which was true of the Mongol Empire?
It caused Eurasian trade routes to move farther north
Which of the following is true of the bubonic plague?
It followed established trade routes
The Mongols:
are credited with the transmission of bubonic plague
According to Marco Polo's accounts, what aspects of Mongol life fascinated him?
Their ability to ride days on end without eating
In the thirteenth century, the most urbanized region in the world was
China
Which of the following developments most directly resulted from the Crusades?
Growth of Italian city-states
All of the following are true of the major Amerindian civilizations in Central and South America prior to the arrival of Europeans except:
economies based on trade
The introduction of papermaking into Europe is an example of cultural diffusion
From China by way of the Eurasian trade route
A common stage in the early development of political units as diverse as England, France, China, Russia and Japan was
feudalism
A major area of contention between the papacy and secular rulers was the
rulers' determination to appoint Church officials in their nations
Which of the following reasons motivated both the Abbasids and the Mongols to expand their empires?
The desire for wealth and plunder
All of the following characteristics are true of the Tang and Song dynasties except
Buddhism appeared in China for the first time
Which of the following best describes the spread of Islam in East Africa and Christianity in China?
Islam had a decided impact on the trading centers of East Africa but little impact on the interior, whereas Christianity had little impact on either urban or rural areas in China
The Aztec civilization's militaristic tone and use of human sacrifice was based on the earlier culture of the
Toltec
The term sinicization refers to
the spread of Chinese culture
The success and timing of trade though the Indian Ocean basin largely depended upon
understanding the rhythms of the monsoon winds
Axum was
a Christian kingdom in Ethiopia
Ali bin Muhammad
led the zanj revolt
Since there was no concept of private ownership of land in sub-Saharan Africa,
slave ownership formed an important aspect of determining personal wealth
In regard to gender issues in sub-Saharan Africa
women had more opportunities open to them than did their counterparts in other societies
In the smaller states of sub-Saharan Africa, the chief considerations for determining social position were
kinship, age groupings, and sex and gender expectations
Ibn Battuta
was a Moroccan jurist who traveled throughout Africa
Just as the kingdoms of west Africa depended on trans-Saharan trade, the kingdoms of east Africa depended on
Indian Ocean trade
The most powerful kingdom in central Africa was
Zimbabwe
The Swahili city-state of Kilwa was ferociously sacked in 1505 by the
Portuguese
Swahili is an Arabic term meaning
coasters
The legendary founder of the kingdom of Mali was
Sundiata
Gao was an important trading center
in the Sahara Desert
The most powerful state in west Africa at the time of the arrival of Islam was
Ghana
In regard to political structure, the early Bantu societies
governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups
One of the central factors in the establishment of trans-Saharan trade was
the domestication of the camel
In relation to spreading their language across a huge stretch of Africa, the Bantu played a role similar to that played by the
Indo-Europeans
By 1000, most parts of Africa south of the equator had been settled by people speaking what language?
Bantu
The introduction of a new food crop about 400 C.E. encouraged a fresh migratory surge in Africa. What was the crop?
bananas
Mali became the wealthiest kingdom in sub-Saharan Africa because of
its control of the gold trade
Japanese Zen Buddhism is based on
Chan Buddhism
In 1279, the Song dynasty finally fell to the
Mongols
In 757, the Tang emperors were forced to invite the Turkish Uighurs to bring an army into China and suppress a rebellion by
An Lushan
Why was the Grand Canal such an essential part of China's economic health?
It was a practical and economic way to transport foods like rice from the Yangzi River valley to residents of northern regions
Along with China what other two empires are considered the anchors of the postclassical world?
Byzantium and Abbasid Empire
The maintenance of transportation and communication networks, the distribution of land according to the equal field system, and the reliance on a bureaucracy of merit are all reasons which of the following Dynasties succeeded?
Tang
Despite cultural borrowing and imitation, Korea was still different from China in that
aristocrats dominated Korean society while bureaucrats dominated Chinese life
The Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca is known as the
hajj
The term Islam means
submission
The phrase, "one who has submitted," is the meaning of the term
Muslim
The phrase dar al-Islam means
house of Islam
In 595, Muhammad married a wealthy widow named
Khadija
The Quran
is the holy book of Islam
During the last two-hundred years of the Abbasid Empire, it fell under the control of the
Saljuq Turks
The Abbasid dynasty finally came to an end in 1258, when it was overrun by the
Mongols
Of all the new crops that spread throughout the Islamic world via trade, which one proved the most important?
cotton
What new industry, transmitted to the Islamic world from China, was introduced during the Abbasid period?
paper manufacture