5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Patriarch Nikon
- Peter the Great
- Peasants' conditions
- a formed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution
- b This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary
- c He was the head of the Orthodox Church from 1652-1667. He came from peasant descent. He was very educated. He demanded to share authority with the Tsar. The Tsar was mad and broke with Nikon. The Tsar exiled Nikon to a remote monastery. Before that he had a thoroughgoing reform of Russian Orthodox texts and rituals.
- d the part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession
- e (1672-1725) Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical (church) reforms of Alexis Romanov (17th century); many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.
- This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs
- a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire
- ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, added new lands to Russia, encouraged science, art, lierature, Russia became one of Europe's most powerful nations
- Led a Cossack revolt in 1670 and 1671, he moved up the Volga river and gained masses of peasant supporters as they killed nobility and Landlords. Finally defeated by the government nobles further enserfed the peasants , holding down the peasants and holding them back from rebellion became the primary concern and responsibility of the nobility.
5 True/False questions
Frederick William I → THE GREAT ELECTOR. 1st Prussian ruler; unites Brandenburg and other states to form Prussia; runs state as if it were army; builds civil service based on military
Absolutism in Eastern Europe → • The Rise of Brandenburg - Prussia.
- Hohenzollern Family - controlled both states.
- Ruled by an "Imperial Elector" (used to help choose who become the H.R.E.)
• Eventually band together and become one.
Pugachev's Rebellion → formed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution
Frederick the Great → Prussian king of the 18th century; attempted to introduce Enlightenment reforms into Germany; built on military and bureaucratic foundations of his predecessors; introduced freedom of religion; increased state control of economy.
Partition of Poland → division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.