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28 terms

Gods And Goddesses

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Gaea
first greek goddess, or Mother goddess in greek mythology; Mother Earth, who nourishes all life.
Uranus
son and husband of Gaea; ruler of the sky
Hundred-Handed Giants
triplets; best known: Briareus
Cyclopes
triplets; one-eyed metalsmiths; servents of Zeus.
Titans
thirteen; race of immortals who, with their children, ruled the universe before the gods conquered them.
Cronus
(saturn) younget child; god of the sky after Uranus and ruler of the titans; father of the first six Greek gods: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia
Rhea
(Cybele) sister and wife of Cronus; a Great Goddess or Mother Goddess like Gaea; mother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia
Helios
god of the sun before being replaced by Apollo in late Greek and Roman Mythology.
Selene
goddess of the moon before being replacd by Artemis in late greek and Roman mythology.
Themis
goddess of prophecy at Delphi before Apollo conquered her oracle
Atlas
stongest titan; condemned by Zeus eternally to hold up the sky
Prometheus
most creative and intelligent titan; created mortal man out of clay
Epimetheus
brother of Prometheus; husband of Pandora (first mortal woman)
Zeus
(Jupiter, Jove) youngest, most intelligent, and most powerful child; lord of the sky after Cronus; ruler of the gods; maintains order in the world of mortals; protects strangers and guests.
Poseidon
(Neptune) brother of zeus; lord of the sea; causes earthquakes.
Hades
(Pluto) brother of Zeus; ruler of the underworld; lord of the dead
Hera
(Juno) sister and wife of Zeus; queen of Olympus; goddess of marriage and childbirth.
Demeter
(Ceres) sister of Zeus; a Great Goddess or Mother Goddess like Rhea and Gaea; goddess of grain
Hestia
(Vesta)sister of Zeus; kindest and most loved of the gods; guardian of the home.
Apollo
twin of Artemis; god of prophecy, medicine, archery, and music; god of the sun in late Greek and Roman mythology
Artemis
(Diana) twin of Apollo; goddess of the hunt; goddess of the moon in late Greek and Roman mythology.
Athena
(Minerva) goddess of arts and crafts and defensive war; helper of the heros; goddess of wisdom in late Greek and Roman mythology
Aphrodite
(Venus) goddess of beauty and sexual desire
Persephone
(Proserpine) wife of Hades; queen of the underworld.
The fates
Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. determine length of mortal's life
Ares
(mars) god of war
Hephaestus
(Vulcan) husband of Aphrodite; metalsmith of the gods, famous for his creativity and skill
Hermes
(mercury) Zeus' messenger; guides travelers and leads shades of the dead into the underworld; helps merchants and thieves.