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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CHAPTER 3
Terms in this set (35)
The mostly solid, rocky part of the Earth; extends from the center of the core to the surface of the crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the mantle
In Earth science, the layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
The central part of the Earth below the mantle; also the center of the Sun
The solid, outer layer of the Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle
the solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere; made of mantle rock that flows very slowly, which allows tectonic plates to move on top of it
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid, outermost part of the mantle; also called lithospheric plate
A process in which the materials of the Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved, or won away and transported from one place to another by a natural agent, such as wind, water, ice or gravity
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet, such as Earth
The lowest layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature drops at a constant rate as altitude increases; the part of the atmosphere where weather conditions exist
The layer of the atmosphere, that lies immediately above the troposphere and extends from about 10 to 50 km above the Earth's surface, in which temperature increases as altitude increases; contains the ozone layer
A gas molecule that is made up of three oxygen atoms
The energy that is transferred as electromagnetic waves, such as visible light and infrared waves
The transfer of energy as heat through a material (physical contact)
The movement of matter due to differences in density that are caused by temperature variations; can result in the transfer of energy as heat
The warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Earth that occurs when carbon dioxide, water vapor, and other gases in the air absorb and reradiate infrared radiation
The continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
Any form of water that falls to the Earth's surface from the clouds; includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid
Water that contains insignificant amounts of salts,as in rivers and lakes
The part of Earth where life exists
A system that cannot exchange matter or energy with its surroundings
A system that can exchange both matter and energy with its surroundings
The thin layer at Earth's surface where life exists is called the...?
The thin layer of the Earth upon which tectonic plates move around is called the...?
Seventy-eight percent of Earth's atmosphere is made up of...?
The ozone layer is located in the...?
Convection is defined as the...?
D. Transfer of heat by currents
Which of the following gases is not a greenhouse gas?
Liquid water turns into gaseous water vapor in a process called...?
Currents at the surface of the ocean are moved mostly by?
Which of the following statements about the biosphere is not true?
D. Matter is constantly added to the biosphere
What 5 things do humans require to live?
Liquid water, temperatures between 10 and 40 C, and a source of energy
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