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20 terms

SS Vocab 7.1.3 Constantine and Schism

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Constantine
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
Byzantine Empire
Historians' name for the eastern portion of the Roman Empire from the fourth century onward, taken from 'Byzantion,' an early name for Constantinople, the Byzantine capital city. The empire fell to the Ottomans in 1453. (250)
Eastern Orthodox
The Christian religion of the Byzantine Empire in the middle east that formed from Christianity's schism between the remains of the western and eastern Roman Empire. The Christian church ruled by the Byzantine emperor and the patriarchs of various historically significant Christian centers/cities.
Roman Catholic
The Christian religion of Europe that formed from Christianity's schism between the remains of the western and eastern Roman Empire . The Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
Constantinople
capital of the Byzantine Empire; Byzantinium & Istanbul
Byzantium
ancient Greek city, location of the city Constantinople, located near the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
476
Rome falls
Justinian
Byzantine emperor, reconquered much of the territory previously ruled by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
Justinian's Code
an organized code of laws that turned into a legal system
532
two groups of Justinians enemies united and tried to overthrow him
Theodora
wife of Justinian, stopped him from fleeing the city in 532, helped her husband rule effectively
565
Justinian dies
1453
Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople
Western Emperor's
subjects to this emperor could not stand in his presence, they had to crawl on their hands and knees to talk to him
Eastern Emperor's
emperor's of this country had more power than in the west for they were the head of the church as well as emperor
Hagia Sophia
Byzantines' famous church, built by Justinian
Christianity
main religion in both the East and the West empires
mosaics
pictures made with pieces of colored stone or glass
religous services
in the east these were held in Greek, in the west they were held in Latin
priests
in the east these could be married, while in the west they could not