a form of government in which ordinary citizens have the power to govern
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
the lords castle and land around it
a series of wars fought by christians to control the holy land
traveled for french and founded st lawrence river
instrument that helped sailors determine their latitude while at sea.
first to sail the pacific
time period with a great bust of learning and art
completed the journey to the gulf of mexico. named louisianna
a period where invasions and war were common.
wanted to win riches and glory. went to mexico and tried to conquer the Aztecs
first to explore north america
reached the southern tip of africa. paid by prince henry
people who have styled somewhere else but are still uder the rule of their king
moment in history that makes a decisive chang
claimed the pacific ocean for spain crossed isthmus of panama
sailed on half moon into NY
sail around the world
global echange of goods and ideas
a waterway through or around north america
a movement of protest against the catholic church. led by martin luthur
first permanent french settlement
founded first permanent french settlement
dutch colonies around the area of new york. Dutch merchants had a good business sense.
an agreement between nations to aid and protect one another
first english colony. john whitewent back for supplies and when he returned everyone was gone
a legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
colony in virginia. John Smith helped save this colony. set up rules and forced colonists to work for their food.
voters elect representatives to make laws for them
representatives to the HOB
house of burgesses
and assembly of representatives
said the king could not raise taxes without consulting with parliament
the chosen religion
mistreatment of certain people because of their beliefs
a group of separatist who let england for religious freedom
new settlement for the pilgrims
framework of government for the pilgrims
pilgrims brgan as a celebration of their harvest
religious group who did not want to separate from the church but form a more reformed version.
massachusetts government male church members elect representatives.
a plan of government for connecticut limited government powers.
freedom to follow your religion
settled rhode island.
believed in religious freedom
government should have limited power and we should pay indians for their land.
Puritan who spoke against the massachussets government and screwed herself when she said she spoke to god
led fight against settlers in new england chief of wannapog
when the king gives land to one or more people in return for a yearly payment
colony that is under the strict control of the english crown
owner of huge estates
A religious group that believe all people are equal and are basically good. They feel that violence is always wrong, and refused to carry guns or fight. They also believe in solving all problems peacefully.
founded pennsylvania. the holy experiment model of religious freedom
crops sold for money
berkely and carteret
split up NJ
governor of new netherlands; harsh ruler with heavy taxes. had to surrender NY
Mason Dixon Line
divides the middle and southern colonies
Act of toleration
law that provided religious freedom for all christians
attacked because they were upset about the land agreement with the indians.
people who owe money they can't pay back
treated slaves not as humans
proprietor of maryland
the passage of slave trading ships west across the atlantic ocean
a nation becomes strong by keeping strict control over it's trade; economic theory
goods sent to markets outside a country
goods brought into a country
regulated trade between england and the colonies
a three way trade involving slaves and other goods
someone who had there trip to the colonies paid in return for seven years of service
a religious movement that swept through the colonies
someone who works for someone to learn their skills
French and indian war
Fighting over ohio river valley
French built this fort just where washington wanted to build one
used as a makeshift fort by washinton during the F@I war
Plan to develop one government for the colonies
plains of abraham
a cliff of of the city of quebec
Treaty of paris
End of french and indian war
attack on british troops at fort detroit by the indians
proclamation of 1763
Drew the imaginary line forbidding the colonists to settle west of the appalachians
a tax on all legal documents and other papers
a formal written request
to refuse to buy something
five colonists killed while protesting
committee of correspondence
a group of people who wrote letters to the other colonies to inform them about the things the lobsterbacks were doing
Writs of assistance
legal documents that allowed officer to inspect and search houses and ships without a reason
taxed glass paint lead and tea
allowed the east india company to sell to the colonists so lower tax on englands tea.
boston tea party
Set up by sam adams and sons of liberty. demanded the sips to leave the harbor and when they didn't they dumped the tea into boston harbor
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
gave more freedoms to canada and pissed off the colonies
1st continental congress
meeting colonial leaders in philadelphia; only georgia did not attend
an army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency
men prepared to fight at a minute's notice
Battle of lexington ad concord
caused the war against the colonies and england "the shot heard around the world"
olive branch petition
colonists sent this to the king to declare loyalty but asking him to repeal intolerable acts
set up by second continental congress. made GW the commander.
Green mountain boys
a band of vermonters led by ethan allen attacked fort ticonderoga to get cannons they could use
colonists who favored war against britian
sons of liberty
group of angry colonists who protested british policies
the bloodiest battle fought on breeds hill
colonists who remain loyal to britian
captured by GMB without a fight
troops on horseback
keeping everything from entering another country
troops for hire
pamphlet by thomas paine telling the colonists it was OK to want to be independent
soldier who fights for pay
a person who betrays his or her country
rights that belong to all people from birth
helped write the declaration of independence president of second continental congress
wrote a resolution in favor of independence
a military blockade that forces another to surrender
harsh and unjust government
battle of LI
1400 americans killed in this battle
battle of trenton
GW attacked on christams morning to surprise the drunk british
battle of saratoga
turning point in the war cause france to help us
wanted howe to get control of the hudson river area
battle of princeton
GW lit fires to attract cornwallis
long cold winter here for washington and his army
spy for washington
trained washingtons men at valley forge
carried water to the soldiers in the battle
john paul jones
first luitennant commissioned to the navy
dressed up as a man but it was discovered "he" was a women when she was injured
battle of cow pens
hit and run tactic
whee cornwallis was forced to surrender
soldiers for germany
led troops in bunker hill
head of green mountain boys
wanted to find a shorter to asia but landed on novascotia and claimed it.
discovered iceland and greenland
started a sailing school. goal was to find a water route to asia. paid others to go around africa
vasco de gama
sailed for prince henry. went around cape of good hope and opened trade routes to asia.
sailed along norther coast of south america. america was named after him
took over the incas
ponce de león
search for fountain of youth. didn't find it
brought home fools gold
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