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31 terms

ESL Test Prep 2 of 3

Esl Test Prep Study Questions 2 of 3
STUDY
PLAY
Communicative Competence
ability to use the language appropriate to a particular social context
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
BICS
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
CALP
Cognitive
Relating to the processes of thought
Behaviorist
a psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment.
Constructivism
View of cognitive development that emphasizes the active role of learners in building their own understanding of reality
L1 Interference
Students' errors are sometimes the result of trying to express themselves using the structures of their native language. Example: A Spanish-speaking student who says: The people in Mexico is very friendly. instead of The people in Mexico are very friendly. (Because gente is singular, but people plural.)
Code Switching
Speakers switch back and forth from the 1st language to their 2nd language to communicate
bilabial
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where lips press together (p,b,m)
labio-dental
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where top teeth meet the bottom lip (f,v)
dental
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tounge touches the back of the top front teeth (t,d,n)
interdental
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tongue is between the teeth (th)
alveolar
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tip or blade of the tongue touches the ridge behind the top teeth (t,d,n)
lateral
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tongue blocks the air flow and air has to go around it. (L)
palato-alveolar
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the flat part of the tongue touches the ridge (sh,ch)
palatal
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the flat part of the tongue is against the hard palate (y)
velar
Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the back of tongue pushes up against the soft palate (k,g)
Affricate
when two sounds occur right after the other
glottis
space betweent the vocal bands
voiceless
the type of produced sound when the elastic bands of tissue in the larynx are held apart
aspirated
Puff of air escapes before the glottis closes
voiced
the type of produced sound that requires vibration of the vocal chords - examples would be all vowels, diphthongs, and some consonants
ejective
voiceless consonants that are pronounced with simultaneous closure of the glottis
tense and lax
Refers to the degree of muscular activity involved in the articulation and to the length of the vowels in question.
geminate
a doubled or long consonant Ex. "the 'n' in 'thinness'
stop
the type of produced sound where the airflow completely is stopped then released
nasal
the type of produced sound where the airflow is through the nasal cavity
fricative
the type of produced sound where there's continuous airflow, but it's forced
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance
glides
articulators glide from constricted to open
liquids
type of produced sound where the tongue is held tight at the midline and air flows around the sides of the tongue