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AP Human Geo Key Issue 1
Terms in this set (29)
A two dimensional or flat-scale model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it.
What is the science of mapmaking called?
What are the two purposes that maps serve?
A reference tool, communication
Who first used the term "geography"?
Ancient Greek Scholar Eratosthenes
What does the term "geography" mean?
From Greek words, Geo means "Earth" and graphy means "to write"
What did the Chinese do in the development of Cartography?
Pei Xiu, the "father of Chinese Cartography", produced an elaborate map of China in A.D. 267
What did the Muslims do in the development of Cartography?
Muhammad Al-Idrisi produced a world map and geography text in 1154
What did the Europeans do in the development of Cartography?
Used information by sailors, German Cartographer Martin Waldseemuller produced the first map with the label "America", Abraham Ortelius, a Flemish Cartographer, created the first modern atlas. Bernhardus Varenius produced Geography Generalis, which stood for more than a century as the standard treatise on systematic geography
The relationship of a feature's size on a map to its actual size on Earth
What is the advantage of using a Large-scale map?
It provides a wealth of details about the small portion of area displayed
What is the advantage of using a Small-scale map?
It can effectively communicate process and trends that affect everyone
What are the four things that become distorted in projections?
Shape of an area, Distance between two points, Relative size of different areas, Direction
What is place on 0 degrees longitude?
Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England
What is the line on 0 degrees longitude?
What is the line on 0 degrees latitude?
How is a degree of longitude and latitude further subdivided?
In Minutes and Seconds
How many degrees of longitude do you need to travel to pass through one hour of time or one time zone?
How many time zones are there?
24 time zones
Which country first adopted time zones?
When did they first adopted time zones?
December 1, 1847
What is the longitude of the International Date Line?
Which country moved the International Date Line in 1997?
What lines help measure time?
Define Remote Setting
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long distance methods
What can the geographers map using remote sensing data?
They can map the changing distribution of a wide variety of features, such as agriculture, drought, and sprawl
What are the elements to the GPS(Global Positioning System)?
Satellites placed in pre-determined orbits by the US Military(24 in operation, 3 in reserve), Tracking stations to monitor and control the satellites, a receiver that can locate at least 4 satellites, figure out the distance to each, use this information to pin-point its location
What are the uses of the GPS(Global Positioning System)?
Commonly used for navigation, Find precise location of a vehicle for immediate help, Share their whereabouts with others, Enable private individuals to contribute to the production of an accurate digital maps.
What are four examples of types of data stored in a single layer?
Boundaries of Countries, Bodies of Water, Roads, Names of Places
What is a Mashup?
The practice of overlaying data from one source to on top of one of the mapping services