50 terms

SSAT Vocabulary Builder, Track 3, List 14

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Abridge
(verb) shorten [a book, movie, speech, or other text] without losing the sense (2) curtail [rights or privileges]
Acquaint
(verb) make someone aware of or familiar with (2) be an acquaintance
Ally
(noun) a state formally cooperating with another for a military or other purpose, typically by treaty (2) a person or organization that cooperates with or helps another in a particular activity (3) a group of nations taking military action together, in particular the countries that fought with the US in World War I and World War II; (verb) combine or unite a resource or commodity with [another] for mutual benefit (2) side with or support [someone or something]
Assuage
(verb) make [an unpleasant feeling] less intense (2) satisfy [an appetite or desire]
Ban
(verb) officially or legally prohibit (2) officially exclude [someone] from a place; (noun) an official or legal prohibition (2) an official exclusion of a person from an organization, country, or activity
Bewilder
(verb) cause [someone] to become perplexed and confused
Brevity
(noun) concise and exact use of words in writing or speech (2) shortness of time
Cache
(noun) a collection of items of the same type stored in a hidden or inaccessible place (2) a hidden or inaccessible storage place for valuables, provisions, or ammunition; (verb) store away in hiding for future use
Chasm
(noun) a deep fissure in the earth, rock, or another surface (2) a profound difference between people, viewpoints, feelings, etc.
Cherub
(noun) a winged angelic being described in biblical tradition as attending on God (2) a presentation of a cherub in art, depicted as a chubby, healthy-looking child with wings (3) a beautiful or innocent-looking child
Coarse
(adjective) rough or loose in texture or grain (2) made of large grains or particles (3) [of a person or their speech] rude, crude, or vulgar
Con
(verb) persuade [someone] to do or believe something, typically by use of a deception; (noun) an instance of deceiving or tricking someone (2) a disadvantage (3) a convict (4) a convention, especially one for science fiction enthusiasts
Concur
(verb) be of the same opinion (2) happen or occur at the same time
Decimate
(verb) kill, destroy, or remove a large percentage or part of (2) drastically reduce the strength or effectiveness of [something] (3) [historical usage] kill one in every ten of [a group of soldiers or others] as a punishment for the whole group
Depict
(verb) show or represent by a drawing, painting, or other art form (2) portray in words or describe
Dexterous
(adjective) demonstrating neat skill, especially with the hands (2) mentally adroit or clever
Dismantle
(verb) take [a machine or structure] to pieces
Eccentric
(adjective) [of a person or their behavior] unconventional and slightly strange (2) [of a thin] not placed centrally or not having its axis or other part placed centrally; (noun) a person of unconventional and slightly straight views or behavior (2) a disk or wheel mounted eccentrically on a revolving shaft in order to transform rotation into backward-and-forward motion, e.g., a cam in an internal combustion engine
Exalt
(verb) hold [someone or something] in very high regard (2) think or speak very highly of (3) raise to a higher rank or position of greater power (4) make noble in character
Fabricate
(verb) invent or concoct [something], typically with deceitful intent (2) construct or manufacture [something, especially an industrial product], especially from prepared components
Flippant
(adjective) not showing a serious or respectful attitude
Gauche
(adjective) lacking ease or grace (2) unsophisticated and socially awkward
Implement
(noun) a tool, utensil, or other piece of equipment, especially as used for a particular purpose; (verb) put [a decision, plan, agreement, etc.] into effect
Inept
(adjective) having or showing no skill
Inert
(adjective) lacking the ability or strength to move (2) lacking vigor (3) chemically inactive
Interim
(noun) the intervening time; (adjective) in or for the intervening period (2) provisional or temporary
Interrogate
(verb) ask questions of [someone, especially a suspect or a prisoner] closely, aggressively, or formally (2) [of an electronic device] transmit a signal to [another device, especially one on a vehicle] to obtain a response giving information about identity, condition, etc.
Kinship
(noun) blood relationship (2) a sharing of characteristics or origins
Magistrate
(noun) a civil office or lay judge who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offenses and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones
Maven
(noun) an expert or connoisseur
Meditate
(verb) intervene between people in a dispute in order to bring about an agreement or reconciliation (2) bring about [an agreement or solution] by intervening in a dispute; (adjective) connected indirectly through another person or thing (2) involving an intermediate agency
Partake
(verb) join in [an activity] (2) be characterized by [a quality] (3) eat or drink [something]
Pillar
(noun) a tall vertical structure of stone, wood, or metal, used as a support for a building, or as an ornament or monument (2) a person or thing regarded as reliably providing essential support for something.
Principal
(adjective) first in order of importance (2) [of money] denoting an original sum invested or lent; (noun) the person with the highest authority or most important position in an organization, institution, or group (2) a sum of money lent or invested on which interest is paid (3) a person for whom another acts as an agent or representative
Progeny
(noun) a descendant or the descendants of a person, animal, or plant
Regretful
(adjective) feeling or showing regret
Retard
(verb) delay or hold back in terms of progress, development, or accomplishment; (noun) a mentally handicapped person [often used as a general term of abuse]
Rile
(verb) make [someone] annoyed or irritated
Roam
(verb) move about or travel aimlessly or unsystematically, especially over a wide area (2) [of a person's eyes or hands] pass lightly over something without stopping (3) [of a person's mind or thoughts] drift along without dwelling on anything in particular (4) use a cellular phone on another operator's network, typically while abroad
Saturate
(verb) cause [something] to become thoroughly soaked with liquid so that no more can be absorbed (2) cause [a substance] to combine with, dissolve, or hold the greatest possible quantity of another substance (3) fill [something or someone] with something until no more can be held or absorbed (4) supply [a market] beyond the point at which the demand for a product is satisfied.; (noun) a saturated fat; (adjective) saturated with moisture
Shame
(noun) a painful feeling of humiliation or distress caused by the consciousness of wrong or foolish behavior (2) a loss of respect or esteem (3) used to reprove someone for something of which they should be ashamed (4) a regrettable or unfortunate situation or action (5) a person, action, or situation that brings a loss of respect or honor; (verb) [of a person, action, or situation] make [someone] feel ashamed (2) bring shame to [3) cause [someone] to feel ashamed or inadequate by outdoing or surpassing them.
Slovenly
(adjective) [especially of a person or their appearance] messy and dirty (2) [especially of a person or action] careless or excessively casual
Smug
(adjective) having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one's achievements
Squabble
(noun) a noisy quarrel about something petty or trivial; (verb) quarrel noisily over a trivial matter
Stare
(verb) look fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one's eyes wide open (2) [of a person's eyes] wide open, with a fixed or vacant expression (3) [of a thing] be unpleasantly prominent or striking; (noun) a long fixed or vacant look
Stipulate
(verb) demand or specify [a requirement], typically as part of a bargain or agreement
Torment
(noun) severe physical and mental suffering (2) a cause of suffering; (verb) cause to experience severe mental or physical suffering (2) annoy or provoke in a deliberately unkind way
Triumph
(noun) a great victory or achievement (2) the state of being victorious or successful (3) joy or satisfaction resulting from a success or victory (4) a highly successful example of something (5) the processional entry of a victorious general into ancient Rome; (verb) achieve a victory (2) rejoin or exult at a victory or success (3) [of a Roman general] ride into ancient Rome after a victory
Uniformity
(noun) the quality or state of being uniform
Wane
(verb) [of the moon] have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size (2) [especially of a condition or feeling] decrease in vigor, power, or extent