This is a quizlet on the US Constitution.
Terms in this set (35)
Document outlining a plan for government.
Introduction to the Constitution.
The people decide how they want to be ruled.
Division of power between the federal and state governments.
Separation of powers
The idea of providing power to different branches of government
Checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
What the government cannot do.
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
Powers specifically given to the federal government.
Powers reserved to the state governments.
Powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution but are "necessary and proper" for Congress to carry out its other powers
A formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official.
Rejection of a bill by the President
Ex-post facto laws
Congress cannot pass a law which changes the penalties "after the fact" or after the crime was committed
Bills of attainder
Prohibits a person being found guilty of a crime without a trial
Rights that all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
A person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime.
A betrayal of one's country
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits
A change to the Constitution
The Supreme Court can declare executive acts or legislation unconstitutional.
Setting an example based on precious decisions or actions
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819 Supreme Court case that established national supremacy
Marbury v. Madison
Supreme Court case that established the precedent of judicial review.
Supreme Court justice in the 1800s who expanded the power of the court with cases like Marbury v. Madison
An unwritten custom by which individual senators who belong to the same political party as the president exercise an informal veto power over presidential appointments in their states.
Parts of the US government that are not in the Constitution.
Someone who is hired by an interest group to influence members of Congress
a group of people with common goals who organize to influence government
A group of advisers to the president.
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
A two-house (chambered) legislature
Due Process of Law
A process by which the government must treat accused persons fairly according to rules established by law.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution