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Bartolomeu Dias

Tried to find alternate sea routes to Asia, sailed around Cape of Good Hope and entered the Indian Ocean

bubonic plague

Started in China; greatly dropped the population; spread along the trade routes

Christopher Columbus

Discovered the Americas after trying to find an alternate route west to Asia

Desiderius Erasmus

Humanist that produced accurate translations of important Christian writings


Servants who were depended on by the Ming dynasty because they were unable to amass wealth, thus depended on the dynasty to thrive; helped centralization

Filippo Brunelleschi

architect that designed the dome.showed power and wealth.


Technology that was spread by Mongols through warfare with other states; developed by Chinese


Founder of the Ming dynasty; values old Chinese traditions, scorned the Mongols, set up tightly centralized government

Ibn Battuta

Muslim traveler of most of the dar Al-Islam and helped set up and enforce Islamic law/rule/doctrines to newly Islamic states

Isabel of Castile and Fernando of Aragon

"Catholic Kings," together united the Iberian peninsula and amassed much power; emphasized Christianity

Khubilai Khan

Mongol khan of the Yuan dynasty in China; overthrown by gross inflation b/c of paper money and peasant rebellions and factions within government. Marco Polo visited and treated well by him.

Leonardo da Vinci

Italian painter that explored three dimensional art.


special class of officials that ensured local compliance with imperial policies sent out by the central government.

Marco Polo

traveled and traded throughout Mongol lands, wrote influential book that influenced Europeans to participate in the trade networks


Major trading city that was successful because it had a strategic position, maintained good order, and resisted temptation to have excessive customs fees; principal clearinghouse of trade in eastern Indian Ocean

Michelangelo Buonarotti

Sculptor that reflected actual workings of human muscles

Ming dynasty

came after Yuan, set up by Hongwu, left lasting mark of centralization through Qing


"Father of Humanism." studied classical Greek and Latin. introduced emotion in "Sonnets to Laura;" Italian

Prince Henry the Navigator

demonstrated mixed motives for explorations; double blow against Islam and allowing Christian vessels to travel freely; Portugese


The Reconquering of Spain from the Muslims in 1492 by Ferdinand and Isabella. This unified Spain into a powerful nation-state.


"rebirth," period of time from the 14th to the 16th centuries that marked a cultural flowering in Europe.


Spread Islamic values through missionary activities; more flexible towards Islam thus spread Islamic values without resistence


Cultivated by Muslims, spread to Italians, created new product, boosted economic growth; SUGAR!

Vasco da Gama

Found way to India from sailing around the Cape of Good Hope.


Compiled an encyclopedia that included all significant works of Chinese history, philosophy, and literature; showed Ming support of native Chinese cultural traditions.

Zheng He

Chinese eunuch who went on 7 diplomatic missions in and around the Indian Ocean Basin; voyages stopped by government, records destroyed.

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