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30 terms

Chapter 4--Folk and Popular Culture

A mixture of Rubenstein and Fellmann terms
STUDY
PLAY
artifact
Material objects we use to fill the basic needs of food, defense and protection from the elements.
built environment
Associated with "cultural landscape." A society's collective material culture. Large scale is buildings, bridges and roads. Small scale would be furniture, musical instruments and tools.
core-domain-sphere model
A term coined by Donald Meining. Refers to a region where the core is the cultural hearth, the domain the next concentric circle of diffusion, and the sphere the furthest area where this particular culture is diffused.
cultural convergence
The sharing of technologies, organizational structures and cultural traits and artifacts among widely separated societies (facilitated by instantaneous communication and efficient transportation.)
culture realm
A set of culture regions. In North America, the United States and Canada form a culture realm, but Mexico belongs to a different culture realm (also called macrocultural regions). Can be referred to as "worlds," such as the "Islamic World" or "Western World."
folk culture (folkways)
Refers to cultural practices that form the sights smells, sounds and rituals of everyday existence in traditional societies (usually small, homogeneous groups living in isolated rural areas).
placelessness
Loss of distinct local features in favor of standardized landscapes (happens as a result of pervasiveness of pop culture, etc.)
environmental determinism
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
possibilism
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
cultural traits
The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.
mentifacts
These comprise the ideological subsystem of culture; including ideas, beliefs, and knowledge, and how these things are communicated. Includes mythologies, theologies, legend, literature, folk wisdom.
sociofacts
Aspects of culture related to social behavior, cohesion, and control. Examples include norms related to family, marriage, and childrearing, as well as institutional manifestations such as educational or political systems.
culture regions
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
culture hearth
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
culture complex
a group of culture traits all interrelated and dominated by one essential trait
culture system
sharing enough cultural traits and complexes to be recognized as a distinctive cultural entity
non-material culture
Intangible part of culture. Mentifacts and sociofacts. Folk songs, folk story, customary behavior, patterns of worship, philosophies.
custom
The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
habit
A repetitive act performed by a particular individual
material culture
Physical, visible things: everything from musical instruments to furniture, tools and buildings.
popular culture
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
taboo
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
food attraction
Reasons certain culture/region eat certain types of food.
uniform landscape
The spatial expression of a popular custom in one location being similar to another, such as restaurants.
cultural landscape
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. (The environment is the medium, the people/culture are the artist, the painting is the cultural landscape.)
cultural/environmental perception
The concept that people of different cultures will differently observe and interpret their environment and make different decisions about its nature, potentialities and use.
glocalization
the practice of conducting business according to both local and global considerations.
acculturation
The process of adjustment to the dominant culture.
assimilation
The process of giving up cultural traditions and adopting the social customs of the dominant culture of a place.
Terroir
The contribution of a location's distinctive physical features to the way food tastes.