Terms in this set (25)
An infrastructure (directory) that stores information and objects.
A program that runs "on top" of the operating system or from a server and helps a user perform a specific task, such as word processing, appointment scheduling, or accounting.
A method in Group Policy of installing software and making the application available to all users or computers in a designated site, domain, organizational unit (OU), or to a local, individual user or computer.
BitLocker Drive Encryption
A full disk encryption feature in Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise editions.
The process of decreasing the size of files or folders without affecting the files' content.
The object that holds information used to decode a file's unique encryption key.
Encrypting File System (EFS)
A Windows feature that allows users to encrypt information on hard disks, external flash disks, CDs, DVDs, backup tapes, and other types of physical media.
A process that protects the contents of files and folders from unauthorized access. Encryption scrambles file and/or folder contents so that they can be read only by the original owner and the computer's designated recovery agent, or by an authorized user who has the proper key.
A large, random number used to scramble the contents of a file or folder.
A file system, no longer in popular use, with a maximum partition size of 2 gigabytes (GB) and a maximum file size of 2 GB.
A file system with a maximum partition size of 32 gigabytes (GB) and a maximum file size of 4 GB.
The overall structure a computer uses to name, store, and organize files and folders on a hard disk or partition. The file system provides a map of the clusters (the basic units of logical storage on a hard disk) that a file has been stored in.
A collection of settings (policies) stored in Active Directory on a Windows network.
Group Policy object (GPO)
Objects used by administrators to control users and computers on a Windows-based network and to deploy applications, software updates, and security.
The process of making applications available to users on local computers or on a network.
In Windows 7, a virtual folder that can display content from different locations (folders, for example) on your computer or an external drive.
An application that is installed and runs on a user's computer.
A utility that lets a user enable or disable startup services, set boot options such as booting into Safe Mode, access tools like Action Center and Event Viewer, and more. Also known as the System Configuration utility.
booting - An environment in which two or more different operating systems are installed on a computer, enabling the user to choose which operating system starts upon system boot.
The preferred file system for Windows 7. NTFS has a maximum partition size of 256 terabytes; the maximum file size is limited by the size of the volume on which it resides.
Programs and Features
A Control Panel applet that enables the user to uninstall or repair applications.
System programs that run in the background on a Windows system to help the operating system run other programs.
System Configuration utility
The graphical user interface version of MSCONFIG.
The process of removing an application from a local user computer or server.
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