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26 terms

Greek Mythology

STUDY
PLAY
Why did people create stories about gods, goddesses, and heroes?
to explain natural events
Who was Pandora?
the first woman
What did Pandora do?
She opened the box that released all of the evils into the world with only hope left in the box.
What is the study of myths called?
mythology
What separates myths from folk tales and legends?
religious significance
The people considered myths _____________.
sacred and completely true
What did divinities have that humans did not?
supernatural powers
What do the human qualities of divinities reflect?
a society's ideals
What types of myths are there?
creation myths and explanitory myths
What did creation myths explain?
the origin of the world, the creation of human beings, and the birth of gods and goddesses
What did explanitory myths try to explain?
natural processes or events
What are human-like divinities called?
anthropomorphic which means in the shape of man
What are animal-like divinities called?
theriomorphic which means in the shape of an animal
Some mythical mortals have a _______ father and a ________ mother.
divine, mortal
What are the human characters in myths called?
heroes
Where did Greeks believe their divinities lived?
Mount Olympus
Who did the souls of the dead live with?
Hades
The earliest group of Greek divinities, the _________, was led by ________.
Titans, Cronus
Who was the most powerful group?
Olympians
What were nymphs that lived in the forest called?
dryads
What were nymphs that lived in the sea called?
nereids
Who were the Muses?
9 goddesses of arts and sciences
What wre partly mortal, partly divine beings called?
demigods
Who was largely or entirely mortal?
heroes
When did the first group of heroes come?
before the Trojan war
What did the second group of heroes do?
fought in the Trojan war