29 terms

States of Consciousness Test

STUDY
PLAY
28 Day cycle
infraradian, (menstrual)
24 hour cycle
circadian, (sleep/wake)
90 minute cycle
ultraradian, (sleep stages)
sleep spindles
short bursts of brain waves detected in stage 2 sleep
dreaming
seen in REM sleep
sleepwalking/talking
seen in stage 4 sleep
Why do we sleep?
It protects, helps us recuperate, and may play role in the growth process
insomnia
difficulty falling or staying asleep
sleep apnea
patient stops breathing multiple times throughout the night, disrupts/prevents REM sleep
night terrors
patients look like they are awake and terrified, happens in Stage 4
narcolepsy
unpredictable sleep attacks, often when in an agitated/aroused state
manifest content
the actual content of the dream
latent content
the underlying meaning of the dream
tolerance
the need for increasing amounts of a drug to create same effect
withdrawal
discomfort/distress that follows discontinuation of a drug
depressant
depresses CNS activity, slows bodily functions. (ex. alcohol)
stimulant
excites CNS activity, arouse bodily functions. (ex. cocaine)
hallucinogen
send mixed signals to CNS. (ex. LSD)
alcohol
Causes loss of coordination; impaired reasoning, balance, speech, and judgment, and slows reaction time
meth
Causes mental alertness, increase in energy and body temp, convulsions, violent behavior, anxiety, insomnia, paranoia, delusions, and dependency
ecstasy
Causes hallucinations, varied emotions, dilated pupils, increase in body temp and heart rate, sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, tremors
marijuana
Causes a peaceful/euphoric sensation, slowed reaction time, impairs memory and attention, affects coordination and balance
selective attention
(hypnosis) - pulling attention away from pain stimulus and focusing on something else
dissociation
(hypnosis) - splitting of different levels of consciousness - dissociating the sensation of pain from the experience of pain
Hilgard
Researcher who proposed presence of a "hidden observer"
REM rebound
phenomenon in which a person enters REM sleep more quickly after being REM deprived
Freud
Psychologist who referred to dreams as the "golden road to the unconscious"
endorphins
natural painkiller produced by the brain
serotonin
LSD resembles this neurotransmitter