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States of Consciousness Test
28 Day cycle
24 hour cycle
90 minute cycle
ultraradian, (sleep stages)
short bursts of brain waves detected in stage 2 sleep
seen in REM sleep
seen in stage 4 sleep
Why do we sleep?
It protects, helps us recuperate, and may play role in the growth process
difficulty falling or staying asleep
patient stops breathing multiple times throughout the night, disrupts/prevents REM sleep
patients look like they are awake and terrified, happens in Stage 4
unpredictable sleep attacks, often when in an agitated/aroused state
the actual content of the dream
the underlying meaning of the dream
the need for increasing amounts of a drug to create same effect
discomfort/distress that follows discontinuation of a drug
depresses CNS activity, slows bodily functions. (ex. alcohol)
excites CNS activity, arouse bodily functions. (ex. cocaine)
send mixed signals to CNS. (ex. LSD)
Causes loss of coordination; impaired reasoning, balance, speech, and judgment, and slows reaction time
Causes mental alertness, increase in energy and body temp, convulsions, violent behavior, anxiety, insomnia, paranoia, delusions, and dependency
Causes hallucinations, varied emotions, dilated pupils, increase in body temp and heart rate, sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, tremors
Causes a peaceful/euphoric sensation, slowed reaction time, impairs memory and attention, affects coordination and balance
(hypnosis) - pulling attention away from pain stimulus and focusing on something else
(hypnosis) - splitting of different levels of consciousness - dissociating the sensation of pain from the experience of pain
Researcher who proposed presence of a "hidden observer"
phenomenon in which a person enters REM sleep more quickly after being REM deprived
Psychologist who referred to dreams as the "golden road to the unconscious"
natural painkiller produced by the brain
LSD resembles this neurotransmitter