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20 terms

Psychology

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The view that intelligence is a mental capacity that can be measured by analyzing performance on mental tests is most consistent with the:
psychometric approach to intelligence
In terms of intelligence, s factor refers to
an individual factor that is unique to a particular type of test
The individual who suggested that intelligence should be conceptualized as seven primary mental abilities that are independent of each other was
L. L. Thurstone
According to Raymond Cattell, acquired knowledge and abilities refer to
crystallized intelligence
The view that traditional conceptions of intelligence need to be broadened to include special abilities or talents is most consistent with
Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences
According to Robert Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence, someone who is high in analytic intelligence should
perform well on conventional tests designed to measure reasoning skills
Achievement tests are designed to measure a person's
current level of knowledge or competence in a particular subject
Reliable tests
produce similar scores from one administration to the next
Hasana applied for a job at Acme Computing. As part of the application process she had to take the Computer Operator Aptitude Test (COAT). She attained a very low score on the test and was not hired for the job. She was surprised by the results because she currently has a job as a computer operator, and she always has over 98% accuracy in her on-the-job performance assessments. Based on this information, it appears that the COAT
does not provide a valid measure of computer operator skills
Gilbert is taking a test designed to assess his creative abilities. The test consists of a number of sections that measure artistic creativity, creativity in problem solving, and verbal creativity. In this case, it would appear that the test Gilbert is taking
has content validity
Construct validity refers to the extent that a test
actually taps into a particular theoretical construct
Binet and Simon defined mental age as
the age that best fits the child's current level of intellectual performance
Based on the intelligence quotient formula developed by Lewis Terman, an individual with a chronological age greater than his or her mental age would
have an IQ less than 100
Isaiah is 5 years old, but on intelligence tests he scores at the level typical of 4 year olds. Using the formula developed by Lewis Terman, Isaiah would have an IQ of
80
According to the classification system developed by the American Association on Mental Deficiencies, Fabian is classified as having moderate mental retardation. You would expect that Fabian would have an IQ between
35 and 50, and academic skills equal to a second-grade child
Lewis Terman tracked the intellectual and social accomplishments of gifted children and found that
the divorce rate for gifted individuals was lower than in the general population
Most arguments against the validity of IQ scores make the case that the
scores fail to provide a broad index of intelligence
Ceejay is an excellent manager because she seems to have a real talent for interacting with others, and using the skills of her co-workers in effective ways. Ceejay would probably achieve high scores on tests designed to measure
tacit knowledge
Current thinking, with regard to changes in different aspects of intelligence across the lifespan, is that
fluid intelligence decreases while crystallized intelligence remains stable or increases across the lifespan
Studies comparing IQ scores of various ethnic groups have found that the mean score
for European Americans tends to be 10-15 points higher than the mean score for African Americans