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What is the definition of "social contract"?
an agreement by which they gave up state of nature for an organized society
What is the definition of "philosophy"?
the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality and existence
What is the policy allowing businesses to operate with little or no government interference?
The enlightenment changed people's reasoning on ___, ___ and ___ problems.
social, political and economic
What are salons? Who attended them?
Informal social gatherings attended by writers, artists, musicians, and philosophes (middle class)
What is a term used for an absolute ruler who brings about social/political changes? Who are some examples?
Enlightened despot; Maria Theresa, Joseph II,, Frederick the Great (Frederick II)
What were the ideas of Baron de Montesquieu? What book did he write?
government should be split into 3 branches of government (check). "The Spirit of Laws"
Who advocated for free speech, targeted corrupt officials and hated inequality and injustice?
Who believed that the free economic market should be allowed to regulate business activity?
What were the ideas of Frenchman Rosseau? What book did he write?
people are born naturally good and peaceful, no need for rigid government and limitations on behavior. "The Social Contract"
Who thought that people were selfish and cruel, and that orderly society is necessary for a powerful government? What book did he write?
Thomas Hobbes, "Levithan"
What were the beliefs of Mary Wollstonecraft?
women should have equal rights as men, decide what is good for themselves
What effect did pamphlets, articles and newly written "Encyclopedia"s have to the people reading them?
They got more people to understand issues and know that a just society is necessary.
Who were new musical composers and what were new musical trends?
Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frederick Handel, Mozart; ballets and operas (plays set to music)
Who's lives mainly remained unchanged by the Enlightenment? Why?
peasants, because they could not access new Enlightened ideas
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