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18 terms

Chapter 1: How Geographers Look at the World

STUDY
PLAY
physical geography
the study of physical features of the earth's surface
cartography
the making or study of maps or charts
relative location
locating a place in relation to other places
grid system
lines of latitude and longitude that are used to locate specific points on a globe
perceptual region
defined by popular feelings rather than data
equator
imaginary line that runs around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles; horizontal, northern and southern hemispheres
prime meridian
the 0 degree north-south line that runs through Greenwich, England; vertical, eastern and western hemispheres
human geography
(cultural geography) study of human activities and their relationship to the cultural and physical environments
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
computer tools that process and organize data satellite images with other pieces of information gathered.
functional region
central place and the surrounding area linked to it (e.g. highway systems)
place
particular space with physical and human meaning
absolute location
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
hemispheres
halves of the globe divided by the equator and prime meridian; northern and southern, western and eastern
global positioning system
GPS; a set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on the earth's surface with a portable electronic device
meteorology
Science dealing with the atmosphere and weather
ecosystem
living and nonliving things in an environment, together with their interactions
longitude
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian; up and down
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator; left to right