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physical geography

the study of physical features of the earth's surface


the making or study of maps or charts

relative location

locating a place in relation to other places

grid system

lines of latitude and longitude that are used to locate specific points on a globe

perceptual region

defined by popular feelings rather than data


imaginary line that runs around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles; horizontal, northern and southern hemispheres

prime meridian

the 0 degree north-south line that runs through Greenwich, England; vertical, eastern and western hemispheres

human geography

(cultural geography) study of human activities and their relationship to the cultural and physical environments

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

computer tools that process and organize data satellite images with other pieces of information gathered.

functional region

central place and the surrounding area linked to it (e.g. highway systems)


particular space with physical and human meaning

absolute location

exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates


halves of the globe divided by the equator and prime meridian; northern and southern, western and eastern

global positioning system

GPS; a set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on the earth's surface with a portable electronic device


Science dealing with the atmosphere and weather


living and nonliving things in an environment, together with their interactions


distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian; up and down


an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator; left to right

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