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The Farmers' Alliance was especially weakened by
b) the exclusion of black farmers
Jacob Coxey and his "army" marche on Washington, D.C., to
c) demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program
bonuses to Civil War veterans
In several states, farmers helped to pass the "Granger Laws", which
e) regulated railroad rates
The Populist Party arose as the direct successor to
b) the Farmers' Alliance
The Nez Perce Indians of Idaho were goaded into war when
b) gold was discovered on their reservation
The bitter confilict between whites and Indians intensified
d) as the mining frontier expanded
The 1896 presidential election marked the last time that
e) a serious effort to win the White House would be made with mostly agrarian votes
The Homestead Act
b) was a drastic departure from previous government public land policy designed to raise revenue
The area of the country in which the federal government has done the most to aid economic and social development is
a) the West
Match each Indian chief with his tribe
A. Chief Joseph
B. Sitting Bull
C. Geronimo
1. Apache
2. Cheyenne
3. Nez Perce
4. Sioux
b) A-3 B-4 C-1
The mining frontier played a vital role in
b) attracting the first substantial white population to the West
The 1896 victory of William McKinley ushered in a long period of Republican dominance that was accompanied by
a) diminishing voter participation in elections
The Depression of the 1890s and episodes like the Pullman Strike made the election of 1896 shape up as
a) a battle between down and out workers and farmers and establishment conservatives
In the long run, the group that probably did the most to shape the modern West was the
e) hydraulic engineers
Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode
a) proof of an alliance between big business, the federal government, and the courts against working people
The enormous mineral wealth taken from the mining frontier of the West
e) helped to finance the Civil War
The monetary inflation needed to relieve the social and economic hardships of the late nineteenth century eventually came as a result of
c) an increase in the international gold supply
The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian
c) assimilation
Which one of the following was not among influential Populist leaders?
e) Eugene V. Debs
In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers
e) grew a single cash crop
The buffalo were nearly exterminated
e) through wholesale butchery by whites
President Grover Cleveland justified federal intervention in the Pullman strike of 1894 on the grounds that
e) ?
A Century of Dishonour, which chronicled the dismal history of Indian-white relations, was authored by
b) Helen Hunt Jackson
All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1869 except
a) he had a brilliant mind
Mark Hanna, the Ohio Republican president-maker, believed that the prime function of the government was to
e) aid business
Match (Pullman strike)
A.Richard Olney
B.Eugene V. Debs
C.George Pullman
D. John P. Altgeld
1.Head of the American Railway union that organized the strike
2.Governor of Illinois who sympathized with the striking workers
3.United States attorney general who brought in fderal troops to crush the strike
4.Owner of the "palace railroad car" company and the company town where the strike began
c) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2
In the election of 1896, the major issue became
e) free and unlimited coinage of silver
One key to the Republican victory in the 1896 presidential election was the
b) huge amount of money raised by Mark Hanna
The Democratic party nominee for president in 1896 was___; the Republicans nominated ____; and the Populists endorsed_____
c) William Jennings Bryan, William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan
In 1890, when the superintendent of the census announced that a stable frontier line was no longer discernible
c) Americans were disturbed that the free land of the West was gone
The 19th century humanitarians who advocated "kind" treatment of the Indians
a) had no more respect for traditional Indian culture than those who sought to exterminate them
Cities like Denver and San Fancisco did serve as a major "safety valve" by providing
c) a home for failed farmers and busted miners
In the warfare that raged between the Indians and the American military after the Civil War, the
c) there was often great cruelty and massacres on both sides
The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender
e)by the coming of the railroads and the virtual extermination of the buffalo
As a result of the complete defear of Captain William Fetterman's command in 1866
b) the government abandoned the Bozeman Trail and guaranteed the Sioux their lands
The strongest ally of Mark Hanna and the Republicans in the 1896 presidential election was
c) fear of the alleged radicalism of William Jennings Bryan and his free silver cause
The Indians battled withes for all the following reasons except
a) rescue their familieswho had been exiled to Oklahoma
The real "safety valve" in the late nineteenth century was
a) the western cities
Farmerswere slow to organize and promote their interest because they
a) were not well educated
In a bid to win labor's support, the Populist Party
c) opposed injunctions against labor strikes
Japanese immigrants first entered US territory to work as
d) laborers on Hawaii's sugar plantations
The extended Open Door policy advocated in Secretary John Hay's second note called on all big powers, including the US, to
d) observe the territorial integrity of China
In his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion
c) to spread American religion and values
Teddy Roosevelt promoted what might be called a "Bad Neighbor" policy by
d) adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
The British gave up their opposition to an American controlled isthmian canal because they
c) confronted an unfriendly Euope and were bogged down in the Boer War
In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908,
b) the US and Japan agreed to respect each others territorial holdings in the Pacific
The independent republic annexed by the US during the Spanish-American War, but not acquired as a result of the war
Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War
e) when Japan secretly asked him to help
The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in
b) a colonial division of the islands between Germany and the US
In 1904 the Russo-Japanese War started because
a) Russia was seeking ice free ports in Chinese Manchuria
When the US invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War,
c) most of the population greeted the invaders as liberating heroes
During the Spanish-American War, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of
b) Santiago
The revolution in Panama began when
e) a Colombian officer shot several Panamanian civilians
On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, The Supreme Court ruled that
c) American laws did not necessarily apply; it was up to Congress to apply constitutional protections on a territory by territory basis.
The numerous near wars and diplomatic cirses of the US in the late 1880s and 1890 demonstrated
e) the aggressive new national mood.
To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain the secretary of state olney invoked the
c) Monroe Doctrine.
A major weakness of Spain in the Spanish-American war was
b) the wretched condition of its navy
By the 1890s the US was bursting with a new sense of power generated by an increase in
d) all of the above
In an attempt to persuade Spain to leave Cuba or to encourage the US to help Cuba gain its independence Cuban insurrectos
e. adopted a scorched-earth policy of burning can fields and sugar mills
The Venezuela boundary dispute was settled by
d) Arbitration of the Venezuelan and British claims
During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain the US
a) supported the Venezuelan claim
American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed
b) their economic potential for American trading profits
Which of the following prominent Americans was least enthusiastic about US imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?
e) Grover Cleveland.
The Philippine insurrection was finally broken in 1901 when
e) Emilio Aguinaldo, the Filipino leader, was captured.
The "Rough Riders" organized principally by TR,
e) were commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood
The US gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the
b) Platt Amendment
Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) American declaration of war on Spain, (B) sinking of the Maine, (C) passage of the Teller Amendment, (D) passage of the Platt Amendment.
d) B, A, C, D
Pres. McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that
e) there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition
US naval captain Mahan argued that
b) control of the sea was the key to world domination
Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the US could be rushed through the US Senate in 1893
a) President Harrison's term expired and anti-imperialist Grover Cleveland became president
America's initial Open Door Policy was essentially an argument to promote
a) free trade in China.
During the building of the Panama Canal, all of the following difficulties were encountered except
a) guerrilla warfare waged by Panamanian rebels against the United States.
Pres. Roosevelt organized a conference in Portsmouth, NH in 1905 to
e) mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War
Starting in 1917 many Puerto Ricans came to
c) employment.
The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to
a) justify U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries.
Regarding the presidency, TR believed that
c) the president could take any action not specifically prohibited by the laws and the constitution
Pres. Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because
d) he believed that the native Hawaiians had been wronged and that a majority
opposed annexation to the United States.
Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they
e) feared that American missions would be jeopardized and Chinese markets closed to
The greatest loss of life for American fighting men during the Spanish-American War resulted from
d) sickness in both Cuba and the United States.
in 1899, guerilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because
b) the united states refused to give Filipino people their independence.