Spiller Social studies chapt 1 lesson 2&3
Terms in this set (41)
What is a landform region?
A landform region is a region that has similar landforms
Name at least 5 examples of landforms
Why do geographers divide the United States into regions?
to make it easier to compare and contrast different parts
How is CLIMATE different from WEATHER?
Climate is different from weather because climate is a long period of time what is going to happened and weather is something that will happened in a short period of time.
Low, flat land
Along what major bodies of water does the Coastal Plain region stretch?
Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico
Where does the Coastal Plain start and where does it end?
it starts in Massachusetts and ends in Mexico
The ____________ is a region of valleys and hills on the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountains.
The word PIEDMONT comes from a French word that means "foothills" Why is this a good name?
The area is located at the foot or bottom of the Appalachians.
What is a mountain range?
A mountain range is a group of connected mountains
Because the Appalachian Mountains are the oldest mountains in the United States, they are also some of the smallest in terms of height. Why? Use the word EROSION to explain your answer.
The Erosion makes the mountain shrink and get smaller as the get older
West of the Appalachian Mountains , the land gets flat again. This area is called the ______________. They stretch from the Appalachian Mountains to the ______________.
Interior Plains, Rocky Mountains
The Interior Plains consist of the __________ and the ____________. They have the _____ side and the ______side.
Great Plains and the Central Plains
west and east
Describe the Great Plains west side
land much flatter
few rivers and almost no trees
Describe the Central Plains east side and give another name
land is mostly flat or rolling
many streams or rivers 'tall-grass prairie'
an area of flat or rolling land covered mostly by grasses
The Rocky Mountains are much younger than the Appalachians. How do we know this?
We know that the Rocky Mountains are much younger than the Appalachian Mountain because the Rocky Mountain are taller than the Appalachian Mountains.
In the Intermountain Region is the Great Basin. What is a basin?
A basin is a low bowl shaped land with higher land all around it.
The lowest point in North America is at the edge of the Great Basin
Death Valley, California
How is the Pacific Coast different from the Atlantic Coast?
The Pacific Coast is rocky and ragged and the Atlantic Coast is mainly flat.
How does the nation's geography differ as you travel across the 50 states?
Traveling from east to west, the elevation of the land gradually increases
Why do you think Robert Louis Stevenson wrote about the geography of the United States during his trip?
Stevenson was impressed by the different landforms of the United States. As a writer, he waited to share what he saw with others.
An area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water
Why do you think people keep their boats in inlets?
I think people keep their boats in inlets because it is not as rough
What is a gulf?
A gulf is a large inlet
Name 2 large gulfs in the United States
Gulf of Mexico and Gulf of California
Largest Lakes in the US
Although it is considered a lake, and most lakes are freshwater, the _________ is as salty as a sea.
The Great Salt Lake
a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
where every river begins
bodies of fresh, moving water
the land drained by a river system
where it empties into a larger body of water
The largest river system in the United States is the ____________________
drains most of the land in the middle of the United States - between the _____ and the ____________
Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians
Why are there many cities that were built along rivers?
There were many cities built along rivers because it could travel and transport goods.
A place where the land drops sharply causing river to form waterfalls
A fall line
What is the benefit of a city located on a fall line?
People would use this water to power factories, machines and make electricity
An imaginary line that runs North and South along the highest point of the rocky mountains
- it divides the major river systems
The Continental Divide
How do Rivers flow in the west
Rivers flow into PACIFIC and ARCTIC oceans
How do Rivers flow in the East
Rivers flow into GULF OF MEXICO and ATLANTIC ocean