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Literature Terms (Midterm Grade 6)

STUDY
PLAY
Oral tradition
the passing along of songs, stories, and poems from generation to generation by word of mouth. Folk songs, folk tales, and myths are examples. No one knows who first created these stories and poems
Fiction
prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events. Some examples include short stories and novels.
Nonfiction
prose writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real people, places, objects, or events. Autobiographies, biographies, essays, reports, letters, memos, and newspaper articles are examples of this genre.
Faulty reasoning
looks logical because it contains facts, but it uses or interprets the facts in an illogical way.
Setting
The time and place of the action; includes details of a place and time—the year, time of day, even the weather. The place may be a specific country, state, region, community, neighborhood, building, institution, or home.
Conflict
a struggle between opposing forces. It causes the action of the story.
Resolution
the outcome of the conflict of the plot.
Thesis Statement
a sentence in a research paper that tells what the paper is going to prove.
Irony
when the opposite what is expected happens or is said.
Foreshadowing
the author's use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story. Writers use this literary device to build their readers' expectations and to create suspense.