91 terms

History Midterm

in the roman republic they represented the poor people
bad emperor of Rome; set fire to Rome and blamed enemies
Before the Common Era
Before Christ
In the year of our lord
famous roman who wrote epic poems; most famous is Aeneid
was the capital of the Byzantine Empire
Jesus Christ
Son of God
a craftsman; ex. Cobbler, blacksmith
Latin for "I forbid"
Cannon Law
church law or Law of the church
statue or picture that stands for a religious figure
when you shouldn't show a lot of emotion being calm
When you use money to bring you more money
another name for class; rich or poor
is to charge interest in loans
when the guy named Pisiteris ran from marathon to Athens and proclaimed the Greeks stopped the Persians then dropped dead
Papal states
areas owned and controlled by the church and owned by the church in present day Italy.
Crusader states
just east of Mediterranean Sea which were 4 states captured by the crusaders
Joan of Ark
peasant girl; influenced the prince of France to lead troops and helped stop the English from conquering France. English then captured her and she was burned to the stake. 1200 she became a saint
wrote tragedies
systematic violence against any group of people
Flying buttress
the large arch supports outside gave the apothic churches the ability to have larger windows and lighter walls
Long bow
English were able to use the long bow to pierce the armor of French knights and nobles while the crossbow the French used was not as powerful
Holy Roman Emperor
lasted about 1000 years, first emperor was Otto
English Royal family established by Henry 7
the central place of the renaissance
famous renaissance painter who painted Mary
Leonardo de Vinci
famous inventor/painter who painted the last supper and the Mona Lisa
Babylon captivity
when there is no pope in Rome but 1 in Avignon
is when someone who speaks out against the church or whatever is the most common idea
is when some lower levels of feudalism (someone's a lord and a vassal)
Three field system
When they leave 1/3 of the field to restore instead of half
Medieval university
found by cathedrals; generally the smart people where in the church
St Thomas Aquinias
A famous scholastic philosopher who tried to prove the bible with reason
Black Death
the plague
Richard the lion the heart
richard I of england was captured by the Muslims
menwho believed that man could achieve things during there life time
Darma and Karma
darma is the idea that if you do your duties then you get karma which is reward of punishment in your next life
Center of the religion of Islam
House of Commons and the House of Lords
British parliament
Big banking family in Florence
the idea that if you killed a more important person then the punishment is worse if you instead killed a peasant
to kick an area out of the church
is to kick and individual out of the church
people who studies mathematics, writing, language
Counsel of Constance
brought an end to the great schism
painted a chapel ceiling
paintings done on the wall; literally painting the wall
Ferdinand and Isabella united Modern day Spain
Magna Carta
John I of England signed this document that limited his power
Greek guy, wrote and oath for doctors that they should heal people
War of the Roses
Middle 1400's; decided which family should rule England Henry VII prevailed
Punic Wars
war fought by the Catharage and Rome; Rome was the winner
Five pillars
basic responsibility of the Muslim religion
Split the Roman Empire into East and West
Twelve Tables
laws of the Roman Republic
Barefoot at Canossa
Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, got the pope pissed so Mr. Pope excommunicated Henry. Henry went to Mr. Pope dressed as a peasant and wore no shoes when he asked forgiveness. Gregory VII in mista Pope
Peloponnesian League
war between Athens and Sparta (plus other city states); Sparta
Asian people invaded the Roman Empire. Attila the Hun was the leader
when the church and the state are the same thing
Council of Trent
were major decisions of the catholic church where made
philosophy that the richer the country the more powerful
Peace of Augsburg
German princes could choose what religion they wanted
Angelatin Church
the church of England
Edict of Nance
gave religious freedom to protestants in France
when you pay the church to get out of hell
Martin Luther
started protestant reformation
Italian political philosopher who told princes that you shouldn't rule with morals "the end justifies the mean"
Philip II of Spain
sent the Spanish armada to England and tried to promote Catholicism
Henry VIII of England
takes England out of the catholic church just so he could divorce his wife
Salvation through Faith
you didn't need to go to church, receive sacraments to go to heaven just believe in God
stressed that religion should be a personal thing laid the egg that Luther hatched about
Justification by faith
Martin Luther's concept that faith alone is enough to bring salvation
invented the printing press; helped spread ideas
Lorenzo Medici
powerful member of the Medici family
Ignatius tried to spread Catholicism
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
gave men rights to control land in the new world
name for a Dutch land owner in America
someone who tries to make money
Bartholomeu Diaz
sailed on the coast of South Africa by Cape Cod, from Portugal
Jack Cartier
explored around the Mississippi river
founded the Pacific Ocean
Prince Henry the Navigator
he sponsored the Portuguese exploration
John Calvin
created Calvinism which states that everything you do has be planned by god
Counter Reformation
the Catholic Church tried to make themselves better and stop people from switching to protestant
Middle Passage
black slaves coming from Africa to America
In regards to Spain when the Christians drove the Muslims out of Spain
Counsel of Clermont
this is where the Mr. Pope called for the crusades
proving the crap in the bible by reasoning and science