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38 terms

M.E. POLITICAL TERMS

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DAVID BEN GURION
1ST PRESIDENT OF ISRAEL, (BORN IN POLAND) AND ACTIVE ZIONIST WHO ORGANIZED RESISTANCE AGAINST THE BRITISH AFTER WW II
WAHHABISM
A CONSERVATIVE AND INTOLERANT FORM OF ISLAM THAT IS PRACTICED IN SAUDI ARABIA
THE FRENCH MANDATE
GOT CONTROL OF SYRIA AS PART OF THE SKYES PICOT AGREEMENT
FIDAYIN
FREE-LANCE FREEDOM FIGHTERS, IN THIS CASE PALESTINIAN BASED IN GAZA..
goals of the REVISIONIST PARTY
CREATE A JEWISH MAJORITY STATE EAST AND WEST OF THE JORDAN RIVER
EISENHOWER DOCTRINE
THE US OFFERS ECON. AID TO MID EAST COUNTRIES RESIST. COMMUNIST AGGRESSION.
THE HAGANAGH
THE ARMY OF THE ISRAELI LABOR PARTY.
QUIBIYA
PALESTINIAN VILLAGE THAT WAS THE TARGET OF AN ISRAELI RAID BY UNIT 101 COMMANDED BY ARIEL SHARON.
STRAITS OF TIRAN
PASSAGES BETWEEN THE SINAI AND ARABIAN PENINSULAS WHICH SEPARATES THE GULF OF AQABA FROM THE RED SEA. EGYPT'S BLOCKADE OF THE STRAITS TO ISRAELI SHIPS AND SHIPS BOUND FOR ISRAEL IN 1956 AND AGAIN IN 1967 WAS A CATALYST TO THE SUEZ CRISIS IN 1956 AND THE SIX-DAY WAR IN 1967.
NATIONALIZATION OF SUEZ CANAL
NASSER
PAN ARABISM
GENERAL TERM FOR THE MODERN MOVEMENT FOR POLITICAL UNIFICATION AMONG THE ARAB NATIONS OF THE MIDDLE EAST. SINCE THE OTTOMAN TURKS ROSE TO POWER IN THE 14TH CENTURAY
RESOLUTION 181
UNITED NATIONS PARTITION PLAN FOR WAS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON NOVEMBER 29, 1947.[1] THE DECISION RECOMMENDED THE DIVISION OF THE WESTERN PORTION OF THE MANDATE OF PALESTINE INTO TWO PROVISIONAL STATES, ONE JEWISH AND ONE ARAB, AND PROVIDED THE FRAMEWORK FOR A REGIONAL ECONOMIC UNION. THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY ALSO RECOMMENDED THAT THE CITY OF JERUSALEM NOT BE INCLUDED IN EITHER STATE, BUT, RATHER, BE PLACED UNDER A SPECIAL INTERNATIONAL REGIME ADMINISTERED BY THE UNITED NATION. ENDED BRITISH MANDATE
RESOLUTION 194
UN VOTE FOR PALESTINIAN RIGHT OF RETURN
NASSER
LEADS OVERTHROW OF KING IN EGYPT AND TAKES CONTROL OF SUEZ CANAL. LATER CUTS OFF THIS CANAL AND ALL IMPORTS INTO ISRAEL
AL FATAH
ARAFAT'S QUASI-MILITARY ORGANIZATION OF YOUNG PALESTINEANS CREATED IN 1959, MERGED WITH PLO IN 1964.
SEPHARDIC JEWS
JEWS WHO CAME FROM ASIAN OR AFRICAN COUNTRIES, ALSO CALLED ORIENTALS.
ASHKENAZIM JEWS
JEWS DESCENDED FROM EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES OF THE RHINELAND IN THE WEST OF GERMANY.
SIX DAY WAR
ISRAEL LAUNCHED A SERIES OF PREEMPTIVE AIR STRIKES, IT VICTORY OVER EGYPT, SYRIA AND JORDAN TOOK ONLY 6 DAYS, JUNE 5, 1967.
LEVI ESHKOL
P.MINISTER DURING THE 1967 WAR
EBBA EBAN
WAS AN ISRAELI DIPLOMAT AND POLITICIAN. SERVED AS ISRAEL'S FOREIGN MINISTER, DEFENDING THE COUNTRY'S REPUTATION AFTER THE SIX-DAY WAR. NONETHELESS, HE WAS A STRONG SUPPORTER OF GIVING AWAY THE TERRITORIES OCCUPIED IN THE WAR IN EXCHANGE FOR PEACE. HE PLAYED AN IMPORTANT PART IN THE SHAPING OF UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 242 IN 1967
YITZAK RABIN
FORMER PM, MINISTER OF DEFENSE, AND FOREIGN AMBASSADOR FOR ISRAEL, AWARDED NOBEL PEACE PRIZE FOR HIS WORK WITH YASSIR ARAFAT AND SHIMON PERES FOR PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND THE PLO.
THE GREEN LINE
IS USED TO REFER TO THE 1949 ARMISTICE LINES ESTABLISHED BETWEEN ISRAEL AND ITS NEIGHBOURS (EGYPT, JORDAN, LEBANON AND SYRIA) AFTER THE 1948 ARAB-ISRAELI WAR.
GUSH EMUNIUM
WAS AN ISRAELI POLITICAL MOVEMENT. THE MOVEMENT SPRANG OUT OF THE CONQUESTS OF THE SIX-DAY WAR IN 1967, THOUGH IT WAS NOT FORMALLY ESTABLISHED AS AN ORGANIZATION UNTIL 1974, IN THE WAKE OF THE YOM KIPPUR WAR. IT ENCOURAGED JEWISH SETTLEMENT OF THE LAND THEY BELIEVE GOD ALLOTTED TO THE JEWS IN THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY.
RESOLUTION 242
LORD CARADON DEVISED AFTER SIX DAY WAR- CALLS FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF "A JUST AND LASTING PEACE" IN THE MIDDLE EAST. INCLUDES ISREAL WITHDRAWING FROM RECENTLY ACQUIRED TERRITORIES AND POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE FOR EVERY STATE IN THE AREA.
GALLILI PLAN
PLAN FOR SETTLEMENTS IN GAZA
YOM KIPPUR WAR
FOUGHT FROM OCTOBER 6 TO OCTOBER 26, 1973 BY A COALITION OF ARAB STATES LED BY EGYPT AND SYRIA AGAINST ISRAEL. THE WAR BEGAN WITH A SURPRISE JOINT ATTACK BY EGYPT AND SYRIA ON YOM KIPPUR, THE JEWISH DAY OF ATONEMENT. ENDED IN CEASE FIRE
OCTOBER WAR
ANOTHER NAME FOR YOM KIPPUR WAR
GOLDA MEIR
IN THE 1973 ARAB-ISRAELI WAR, THIS ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER (A FORMER WISCONSIN RESIDENT) LAUCHED A COUNTERATTACK TO REGAIN LOST TERRITORY.
SADAT
EGYPTIAN PRES. BROKE IMPASSE, FLEW TO JERUSALEM TO BREAK IMPASSE AND START PEACE PROCESS 1977
ANWAR AL-SADAT
PRES. OF EGYPT 1970-1981; FMR V.P. UNDER NASSER; HIS POLICIES WERE A 180 FROM NASSAR; SIGNED PEACE AGREEMENT WITH ISRAEL; INVITED FOREIGN INVESTMENTS INTO ISRAEL.
KING OF HUSSEIN
SON OF TALAL, RULED JORDAN FROM 1952 UNTIL 1999
CAMP DAVID ACCORDS
AND ISRAEL SIGNED A TREATY AFTER THE DESTRUCTION OF 5 WARS. 1. EGYPT REGAINED SINAI, 2. FREEDOM AND SECURITY, 3. MUTUAL SOVEREIGN RECOGNITION OF EACH OTHER, 4. CULTURAL EXCHANGES WAS THE UNEXPECTED. **U.S. WOULD ASSIST PALESTINIANS UNDER ISRAELI OCCUPATION (NOT A 2 STATE SOLUTION)
HOW DID ISRAEL SUCCEED?
ITS LEADERS FELT THAT NO PERSONAL OR IDEOLOGICAL PREFERENCE WAS MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE STATE. THE JEWISH DIASPORA STRENGTHENED THE FAITH OUTSIDE OF ISRAEL.
MAPAI PARTY
MODERATE LABOR PARTY IN ISRAEL, NEVER WON MORE THAN 40% IN ANY GENERAL ELECTION. BEN GURION WAS MAPAI.
EISENHOWER DOCTRINE-2
LEBANON ONLY COUNTRY TO ACCEPT; FIRST USED TO THWART A ARAB NATIONALIST TAKEOVER IN JORDAN..
VICTORY CITY '81
SADAT WAS ASSASSINATED/AT PARADE IN EGYPT/POPULATION GLAD HIS TERM WAS OVER.
KUWAIT
MEANS FORTRESS.
HIZBOLLAH
"PARTY OF GOD" LEBANESE, PARA-MILITARY ORGANIZATION OF SHI'I ISLAM. IST ENGAGED AFTER LEBANESE CIVIL WAR, 1982-1985.