2. Drug Names & References
Terms in this set (46)
The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms.
Broad subcategory fir drugs that affect the body in similar ways
Model or type from which subsequent types arise (e.g., an example of a drug that typifies the characteristics of that classification
-Relieve pain with loss of consciousness
-Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Tylenol
-Neutralizes stomach acid
-Mylanta, Milk of magnesia
-Prevents or delays blood clotting
-Prevents or relieves cough
-Increases urinary output
-Reduces blood glucose (sugar) levels
4 Specific Names that can apply to an approved drug
-common or general name assigned to the drug by the United States Adopted Name (USAN) Council
-differentiated from the trade name by initial lowercase letter
-name that pharmaceutical company identifies its product
-copyrighted and used by that company
-First letter capitalized and had the "registered" trademark symbol "®"
-Exact molecular formula of the drug
-Long, difficult to pronounce
-Little concern to the health practitioner
-Name of the drug as it appears in the official reference, the USP/NF
-Generally the same as the generic name
New drug application
Dispense as written
-Over the Counter
-No purchasing restrictions by the FDA
-Determined unsafe for OTC purchases because of possible harmful side effects if taken indiscriminately -includes birth control pills, antibiotics, cardiac drugs, and hormones
-Drug controlled by prescription requirement because of the danger of addiction or abuse
-indicated in references by schedule numbers C-1 to C-V
-a list of medical conditions or diseases for which the drug is meant to be used
-A description of cellular changes that occur as a result of the drug
-geared more toward the pharmacist
-list of conditions for which the drug should not be given
-a list of conditions or types of patients that warrant closer observation for specific side effects when given the drug
Side Effects & Reactions
-a list of possible unpleasant or dangerous secondary effects, other than the desired effect
-causes damage to the 8th cranial nerve
-results in impaired hearing or tinnitus
-damage may be reversible or permanent
-causes damage to the kidneys
-impaired kidney function
-decreased urinary output
-increased reaction to the sunlight
-danger of intense sunburn
-a list of other drugs or food that may alter the effects of the drug and usually should not be given during the same course of therapy
Lists the available forms and strengths of the drug
Lists the amount of the drug considered safe for administration
Physicians Desk Reference
Physicians Desk Reference
-One of the most widely used references for drugs in current use
United States Pharmacopeia/Dispensing Information
AHFS Drug Information
American Health-System Formulary Service
Q1: Why are some drugs listed together under a broad subcategory or subcategories called classifications?
Most helpful to the health care professional®®
Q2: How is learning about prototypes in various classifications helpful in learning about more drugs?
To associate the prototype and its characteristics with the new drugs based on its classification.
Q3: Explain the difference between a generic name and a trade (or brand) name of a drug. How could you easily tell the difference between them on a drug label?
Generic Drug: Common or general name
Trade Name: Name by which the pharmaceutical company identifies its product
Generic Drug name is never capitalized while the trade name is and usually has a "®" for registered trademark
Q4: How long does a drug company have exclusive rights to market a drug after that company produces a new drug and submits it to the FDA for approval?
Q5: Although there may be some small differences between brand drugs and generic equivalents, what must be the same in both drugs?
Q6: What is contained in a combination drug?
several generic drugs
Q7: List six headings used in most drug references to assist the reader to find information quickly
5. Side Effects & Adverse Reactions
Q8: What information can be found under the heading "How supplied"
available forms & strengths
Q9:What information can be found under the heading "Usual Dosage"
the amount of drug considered safe for administrations, the route, and frequency of administration
Q10: What is the name of the drug reference that contains detailed drug descriptions from the manufacturer that is widely used by physicians?
PDR - Physicians Desk Reference
Q11: List three simple rules to follow when using Internet resources to find drug information.
1. Check the source
2. Check the date of the articles
3. Be wary of information & testimonials
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