Terms in this set (50)
After fifty years of contact with Europeans in the New World,
ninety percent of the Indians had died.
How did King Charles I (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V) and his successors use the wealth of New Spain?
To consolidate the largest empire in Europe
Like many other European colonies in the New World, New Spain developed a pattern of social organization in which
Europeans became a dominant minority.
When Columbus first arrived in the New World, he believed he was in
the East Indies.
What was a result of contact and trade between the peoples of the Old and New Worlds?
Contact and trade exposed Indians to devastating Old World diseases.
The transatlantic exchange of goods, people, and ideas between the New World and Europe is referred to as the
Why was Portugal an unlikely nation to lead Europe into the Age of Exploration?
Portugal had less than 2 percent of the population of Christian Europe.
Which conquistador was buried in the Mississippi River by his men?
Hernando de Soto
What was the result of Charles V and Philip II's extensive warfare?
New taxes fell heavily on poor peasants.
During the 1500s, what was the most valuable export from New Spain?
Who established an unsuccessful colony along the St. Lawrence River in 1541?
How did Malinali provide invaluable assistance to Hernán Cortés?
She served as an interpreter for Cortés.
Portugal's early interest in exploration and expansion stemmed from its desire to
expel Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula.
The system of coerced labor in New Spain grew directly out of Spaniards' assumption that
Spaniards were superior to Indians.
The distribution of conquered towns, the right to rule the Indians and the land around them, and the right to exact tribute and labor from the Indians was called
Which technological advance aided European explorers by the year 1400?
Who did Cortés enlist to help defeat the Mexicans in 1521?
Indians who resented Mexican rule
Who sailed around the Cape of Good Hope in order to find a sea route from Europe to Asia?
What was a long-term consequence of the catastrophic bubonic plague in Europe?
The plague stimulated exploration for new marketplaces.
Which European power dominated the New World during the 1500s?
Spain, because it had the most colonial possessions
Cities in what European nation held a monopoly on trade with the Far East until the fifteenth century?
Which area did John Cabot claim for England in his search for a Northwest Passage?
Exploration and territorial expansion became popular with Europeans in the fifteenth century because
monarchs hoped to enlarge their power.
Why did Spain introduce encomienda?
To reward conquistadors with the tribute and labor of the Indians
What was Francisco Vásquez de Coronado searching for when he ventured into the Southwest and Great Plains of North America?
The Seven Cities of Cíbola
In order to adapt to the demands of lengthy ocean voyages, the Portuguese
developed a vessel known as the caravel.
Martin Luther and the Catholic Church disagreed on
how salvation could be gained.
Christopher Columbus, like most education Europeans, believed that
the earth was spherical and could therefore be circumnavigated.
The gender and number of Spanish settlers in New Spain created a society in which
Spanish men frequently married Indian women.
The Portuguese inaugurated a new phase of plantation labor by staffing the Cape Verde islands with
Which social class was made up of children who were born in the Spanish New World to parents who had emigrated from Spain?
Who held the largest treasure found in the New World before 1540?
Which event brought Queen Isabella to the throne in 1474?
The death of her brother Henry
How did the deaths of millions of Indians affect Spain?
The deaths created a labor shortage that led to the purchase of African slaves.
The Cathay Company sent Martin Frobisher to the New World to
open trade with China.
In 1549, the Spanish government issued the repartimiento, which
limited the amount of labor Indians had to perform.
The Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal in 1494
divided the Atlantic territories between Spain and Portugal.
Which Spanish conquistador settled New Mexico in 1598?
Juan de Oñate
Which statement describes England's attempt to secure a North American settlement?
England sent explorers but could not sustain thriving colonies.
What was the significance of Magellan's circumnavigation of the globe?
Europeans learned that a westward passage to the East was possible, but not feasible.
How did Ferdinand and Isabella react to Columbus's first voyage?
They believed Spain could challenge Portuguese dominance of the seas.
The government of which country sponsored Christopher Columbus's 1492 exploration?
How did a sea route to Asia impact Europe?
The route allowed merchants to charge lower prices for imported Eastern goods.
In the early 1500s, Martin Waldseemüller was among the very first to understand that
there was a continent that existed separate from Europe and Asia.
The Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvars Cabral accidentally made landfall in
How did Spain benefit from settling Florida?
The settlement protected Spanish ships from pirates.
Who were the "Indians" that Columbus met at San Salvador?
Which segment of the Spanish population made up the majority of the approximately 225,000 Spaniards who settled in the colonies between 1492 and 1592?
Poor young men of common lineage
When Catholic priests complained to the Spanish government about the brutal treatment of Indians, royal officials
replaced the cavalier conquistadors with royal bureaucrats.
Which factor helped the Spaniards conquer the Mexicans?
A smallpox epidemic ravaged the Mexicans.