7 terms

Constitutional Underpinnings

the idea that the US contains so many groups that represent so many different interests that there is a virtual deadlock of government action.
Pluralist theory
The US has a political system of widely scattered resources, govt. is mainly concerned with a competition among groups. Policy results when the group with the dominant interest prevails.
20th amendment
"Lame Duck" Amendment: sets the end of the pres. and VP's term on Jan. 20th. Officials who will not be assuming office and would therefore be ineffectual in proposing legislation are known as lame ducks.
Categorical grants, project grants, formula grants
grants for specific purposes- often require local matching funds, restrictions
Block grants
grants for specific purposes with few restrictions- to local communities
Revenue sharing
no requirement for matching funds and much greater freedom in spending decisions
devolution revolution
emphasis on solving problems at the state and local level, rather than at the federal level.