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Medical Term Lymphatic & Immune, Respiratory, and Digestive
Terms in this set (175)
new or strange
rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria
organism living on or within another living organism
acute viral infection transmitted to humans by an infected animal
small bacterium transmitted by the bite of an infected tick
spiral-shaped bacteria with flexible walls
new cancer site resulting from spreading
process by which cancer spreads
malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
malignant tumor in the upper shaft of long bones
malignant tumor derived from connective tissue
also known as swollen glands
any disease affecting a lymph node
a benign tumor formed by abnormal lymphatic vessels
abnormal swelling due to accumulated lymph in the tissues
malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system
bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response
produced in response to the presence of antigens
white blood cells formed in the bone marrow as stem cells
proteins that act as intracellular signals to begin the immune response
a white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells
voice or sound
coughing up blood or bloodstained sputum
a collection of blood in the pleural cavity
the abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
condition of below-normal oxygen levels in the blood
condition of below-normal oxygen levels in body tissues and organs
an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural cavity
surgical incision into the pleural cavity
creating of an opening into the trachea to insert a tube
emergency procedure performed to gain access to the airway
surgical removal of the larynx
inflammation of the larynx
sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
visual examination of the larynx with a laryngoscope
specialist in disorders of the respiratory system
also known as a sore throat
inflammation of the lungs
inflammation of the pleura
pain in the pleura
presence of stones
anus and rectum
acute infection of the bile duct
surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface
surgical removal of the gallbladder
inflammation of the gallbladder
the presence of gallstones
inflammation of diverticula
the presence of an abnormal number of diverticula
also known as indigestion
difficulty in swallowing
inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth
eating disorder characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight
medical specialty concerned with preventing obesity
eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating
physical wasting away due to diseases such as AIDS
excessive accumulation of body fat
_____ is a form of treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor
needle breast biopsy
A ______ is a technique to which an x-ray-guided needle is used to removal small samples of tissue from the breast.
Which highly contagious viral respiratory infection is commonly known as the flu?
Which blood test is most accurate at confirming the presence of HIV?
A/An _____ is a physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer.
_____ is caused by damage to lymphatic vessels caused by cancer treatment, surgery, radiation scarring, injuries, or burns.
A medication used to treat viral infections is known as a/an _____.
Localized allergic response
Which term is also known as a cellular response?
_____ are leukocytes that provide immunological defenses against many infectious organisms
Which masses of lymphoid tissue are also known as the nosophargyngeal tonsils?
The _____ is a mass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart?
A/an _____ is a small, bean-shaped structure containing specialized lymphocytes that are capable of destroying pathogens.
_____ lymph nodes are located along the sides of the neck.
Which cells are specialized lymphocytes that product antibodies?
Which terms is also known as passive immunity?
Very small infectious agents that live only by invading other cells are called _____.
_____ is a class of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled division of cells.
Which term is an example of a soft-tissue sarcoma?
Inflammatory breast cancer
_____ is a rare but aggressive form of breast cancer.
Which term refers to a self-care procedure for the early detection of breast cancer?
Which procedure involves the surgical removal of an entire breast and many of the surrounding tissues?
_____ is the use of radioactive materials in contrast with or implanted into the tissues to be treated.
West Nile Virus
Which infection is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito?
_____ wraps the body in a physical barrier to prevent invading organisms from entering the body.
Which term refers to an acquired unresponsiveness to a specific antigen?
Which term describes the exchange of gases within the cells of the blood and tissues?
Which condition is the temporary absence of spontaneous respiration?
A/An _____ is the excess accumulation of fluid in the pleural space, which keeps the lung from fully expanding.
______ is also known as black lung disease.
A/An _____ is a mechanical device for artificial respiration that is used to replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function.
Which of pneumonia occurs when a foreign substance is inhaled into the lungs?
The ______ is the thin fluid-filled space also known as the pleural space.
What are the largest of the paranasal sinuses?
The _____ is the portion of the pharynx used only for the transport of air.
Which part of the respiratory system is commonly known as the windpipe?
A/An _____ is the sudden blockage of a pulmonary artery by foreign matter.
peak flow meter
An inexpensive handheld device used to let patients with asthma measure air flowing out of the lungs is known as a _____.
Which term is also known as a runny nose?
Which term is also known as choking?
A disease in which the airways have become inflamed due to recurrent exposure to an inhaled irritant is known as _____.
upper respiratory infection
Which term is also known as acute nasopharyngitis?
Which term means bleeding from the lungs?
Which term means the permanent dilation of the bronchi caused by chronic infection and inflammation?
_____ is the act of taking air in as the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward.
A/An _____ is a surgery in which a wedge-shaped piece of cancerous lung tissue is removed.
Which term, also known as abdominal breathing, is a relaxation technique used to relieve anxiety?
A _____ is the surgical repair of parts of the nasal septum
hyperbaric oxygen therapy
involves breating pure oxygen in a special chamber that allows air pressure to be raised up to three times higher than normal to promote healing and fight infection.
Which type of pneumonia is also known as mycoplasma pneumonia?
_____ is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States.
the _____ is the fourth part of the colon that joins the rectum.
Which condition is the earliest stage of periodontal disease?
_____ is also known as bad breath.
The term _____ is used to describe any disease of the mouth due to a fungus.
Which structure secretes bile?
The _____ is the last and longest portion of the small intestine.
The _____ is the ringlike muscle at the base of the stomach that controls the flow of partially digested food from the stomach to the duodenum of the small intestine.
A _____ is a small pouch, or sac, found in the lining, or wall, of the tubular organ such as the colon.
Which term is the telescoping of one part of the small intestine into the opening of an immediately adjacent part?
A _____ is the surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ.
Which term describes the breaking down of body cells or substances?
the condition of involuntary clenching of the teeth during sleep is known as _____.
A/An _____ is a surgical incision into the colon.
Which term refers to a dental specialist who prevents or corrects malocclusion of the teeth and related facial structures?
_____ is an abnormal craving or appetite for nonfood substances that lasts for at least 1 month.
Which term is also known as vomiting?
upper GI series
Which term refers to a radiographic procedure to examine the digestive system using a barium swallow?
the presence of bright red blood in the stool is known as ______.
nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Which term refers to the accumulation of fat in the liver of people who drink little or no alcohol?
Which type of hepatitis is transmitted mainly through contamination of food and water with infected fecal matter?
Which term means surgical removal of all or part of the stomach?
Which type of medication is given to relieve the discomfort of pyrosis or to help peptic ulcers heal?
_____ is a bacterial infection common to older adults in hospitals or long-term care facilities, typically following the use of antibiotics that wipe out competing bacteria.
A/An _____ occurs when a protion of the intestine is constricted inside a hernia, cutting off its blood supply.
Which term is also known as a harelip?
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