American Government TEST ON THE U.S CONSTITUTION ON FRIDAY JANUARY 27!
For: The American Government quiz on Friday about the Powerpoint, the First 10 amendments, and the Bill of Rights. IT IS ON EVERYTHING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11 TO DO WITH THE CONSTITUTION!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1
Bill of Rights:
1st 10 amendments in the constitution.
Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech Freedom of the Pres Freedom to Assemble Freedom to Petition the gov.
Freedom of Religion:
Gov will not sponsor or support one religion over another. Ppl are free to worship as they'd like. Basis of separation of church and state.
Freedom of Speech:
Ppl will have the right to speak out against the gov. Ppl can also express feelings and opinions without fear of imprisonment. Are there any limits to Freedom of Speech?
Freedom of the Press:
The gov. will not restrict: Newspapers, or T.V shows ect. from printing. In some nations: Newspapers, T.V shows ect. are subject to PRIOR RESTRAINT. This means the gov. censors material before it can be published or broadcasted
Means the gov. censors material before it can be published or broadcast.
Exceptions to Freedom of the Press + Freedom of Speech:
Libel- which is false written words designed to ruin someone's reputation. Slander- false speech designed to someone's reputation. If these actions occur, they are subject to lawsuits.
Which is false written words designed to ruin someone's reputation. If these actions occur, they are subject to lawsuits.
False speech designed to damage someone's reputation. If these actions occur, they are subject to lawsuits.
Right to Assemble:
Ppl will have the right to gather peacefully without gov. interference.
Right to Petition the gov:
Citizens can sign petitions Express their opinions AND Ask the gov. to address their grievances.
Ppl have the right to have a Militia + Bear arms.
The gov doesn't have the right to house soldiers in ur home xcept in times of war + then according 2 the law.
There will be no unreasonable search and seizures of a citizens property.
"I plead the 5th" (Definition) A person accused of a crime canNOT be made to testify against himself.
5th Amendment #2:
A person found not guilty of a crime cannot be tried again for the same defense. AKA: NO DOUBLE JEOPARDY. A person is assumed innocent until proven guilty.
5th Amendment #3:
A person accused of a crime of a crime is entitled to a GRAND JURY proceeding to determine if there is enough evidence to proceed w/ a trial. Ppl can't be deprived of: Life Liberty Or Property w/out Due process of law.
Right to a fair and speedy trial. Right to a lawyer. Right to hear the charges against you. Right to see your accusers.
You have the right 2 a jury trial if the amount in dispute is $20 or more.
No cruel or unusual punishments allowed to excessive fines or bail. Fine: a monetary punishment. Bail: money you pay to wait at home until your trial is over. You get bail money back at the end of a trial, even if found guilty.
.A monetary punishment.
Money you pay to wait at home until your trial is over. You get bail money back at the end of a trial, even if found guilty
Ppl have more rights than just what is written in the cons. (constitution)
The fed. gov doesn't have more pwr than what is spelled out in the cons.
We don't need to know this one! :)
Corrects the voting problem for the pres and the vice-pres. Be4 this amendment, the pres was the person who won the election and the losing candidate became the vice-pres. This amendment requires someone to run for the office of the pres. and someone else to run for the office of v.p( vice-pres.)
No SLAVERY allowed. Is known as the Civil War amendment.
Considered by historians to be amongst the most important off all amendments.
14th Amendment #2:
It defines citizenship: If u were born here, or naturalized.... you are a citizen. It REQUIRES the states to follow due process. It PROHIBITS states from making any laws that will limit citizens rights. IT REQUIRES PEOPLE TO HAVE EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW.(MOST IMPORTANT)
14 Amendment Part 3:
It eliminates the 3/5ths Compromise method for determining the number of representatives to the H+R.
Amendment 14 #4:
Limits the ability of some Confederacy citizens to hold gov. office again. States that the U.S government will pay her own debts but not those of the Confederate states. Is known as the Civil War Amendment.
The right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race. Is known as the Civil War Amendment.
The U.S gov.can tax people's incomes.
Voters are given the power to elect senators. Previously, that pwr was given only to state lawmakers.
Prohibition of alcoholic beverages. The manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages was illegal.
Women get the right to vote in the year 1920. Susan B. Anthony is a women SUFFERGETE. She pushed 4 women to vote.
A pres. used to be sworn into office in March. This moves the inauguration date for a pres. up to January 20th. This shortens the "lame duck" period of an outgoing pres.
Repeals the 18th amendment. Brings back alcohol.
Limits a pres. reign to 2 terms of office. Exception: Can serve up to 10 years if v.p who takes over.
Lets citizens of Washington D.C vote for the pres. Adds 3 ELECTORAL votes to the electoral college.
No Poll Tax allowed. A poll tax was money paid in order to vote at the polling place.
This amendment deals with presidential succession. It states that if the pres. dies, the v.p becomes the new pres. It also states that if there is a vacancy in the vice.presidency, the pres. should pick a new v.p with Congress' approval.
Amendment 25 Part 2:
Allows the pres. to turn power of over to the vice pres. TEMPORARILY. Allows others to make the determination that the pres. is unfit to serve in office. RESULT IN THE JOHN F. KENNEDY ASSASSINATION.
Gives 18 year-olds the right to vote. Passed as a result of the Vietnam War.
If the salaries of senators and reps. are increased, then the increase doesn't take effect until after the next election. This was one of the 12 AMENDMENTS INTRODUCED BY JAMES MANSION AT THE FIRST CONGRESS.
Which branch of gov. can veto laws passed y the H+R and the Sen.?
The Executive branch.
Which branch of gov. can declare presidential actions unconstitutional?
The Judicial branch. (Judicial review)
Jack was found not guilty of armed robbery, but the state decided to bring him to trial again anyways. This is NOT ALLOWED BY THE BILL OF RIGHTS
The children who will be born after us.
Separation of Powers is best described by:
The idea that the power of a national or state government is further divided into an executive, judicial, and legislative branch.
Gives power to the Supreme Court.
Which one of the following best describes that Preamble to the U.S Constitution?
It explains our goals as a nation.
Which one of the following best describes the Bill of Rights in the U.S Constitution?
It is the first ten amendments.
How old do you have to be to be elected in the H+R?
How old do you have to be to become the pres of the U.S?