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Attacking or praising people who make an argument rather than discussing the argument itself.
Ad Populum - Because the majority of people believe an argument, the argument must be true.
A certain stance is true because it is patriotic, and those who disagree are unpatriotic.
Appeal to Improper Authority
To use someone's authority in one topic to justify a different subject.
Diverting the opposition's statement into an oversimplified version that is easier to refute.
Argument from a Lack of Evidence
Appealing to a lack of information to prove a point or arguing that since the opposition cannot disprove a claim, it must be true.
Hypothesis Contrary to Fact
Trying to prove something by using hypothetic example. If one thing had happened, this would be true now.
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