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APWH Ch.3

Classical Indian
STUDY
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The development of Sanskirt, an early form of a caste system, creation of literary epics, and the rise of Buddhism mark:
The Vedic and Epic ages in India
The first ruler of Maurya dynasty was
Chandragupta
How were the Gupta and Maurya dynasties politically similar?
They were run entirely by Indians and not by outside rulers
Classical India's political climate was characterized most by:
An array of regional political cultures
The Indian caste system functioned as a political institution because:
it enforced rules about social behavior.
What was the religion of India's majority, lacked a central deity, tolerated the increasing wealth, and held a believed in reincarnation?
Hinduism
How was Hinduism similar, and different to Buddhism?
Different: Caste system, Same: after-life
Indian trading networks expanded to include:
Southeast Asia, the Middle East, China, and Sri Lanka
In contrast to China, India had more:
direct contact with other societies and civilizations
Unlike china, the values developed in classical India:
Promoted considerable equality between men and women.
The vast Indian subcontinent is partially separated from the rest of Asia by northern mountain ranges, most notably:
the Himalayas
During the Vedic and Epic ages, the ___ conquerors impressed their stamp on Indian society.
Aryan
Early literary epics developed by the Aryans were passed on orally and written down in the language:
Sanskirt
The Indian emperor ___ was the best-known Mauryan leader.
Ashoka
The dynasty that followed the Maurya, the ___, featured a long era of political stability.
Gupta
The priestly caste, or ___, stood at the top of India's caste system.
Brahmin
Unlike other major religions, ___ had no single founder or central holy figure.
Hinduism
The Hindu ethical concept of ___ was far less detailed than the ethical codes of other major religions.
Dharma
These southern Indians, the ___, were active in trading networks all over Asia.
Tamils
Toward the end of the Epic Age, ___ built on the foundation of Hinduism to create another major world religion.
Buddhism