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started in Spring; main attraction theater, exultation of soul; dancing and screaming
only men, first to use them was Thespis (only 2 at a time), men that didn't hit puberty played women parts
most essential part. simple, personalized to each character, showed status, made up linen, wood, or leather
inventor of tragedy, poet, playwright, chorus leader, created actors/actor troupe, introduced masks, make up and costumes
famous Greek author; height of Greek Tragedy; born in Athens; soldier, general, then government official; used irony; actors chief elements of his plays; 7 plays remain
consisted of Athenian men and women, 12-15 singers and dancers, provided background info, narrates & reflects, represents society
spoken by Chorus of individual actor (or both), closure, moral of story/wisdom, what happens in the future
dialogue or maybe song while walking offstage, words of wisdom, before epilogue, done by Chorus
first movement of Chorus in an ode between episodes, chorus turns east to west (right to left) while singing
second movement response to the strophe, opposite of strophe, moves west to east (left to right)
neither a villain nor virtuous person, have/make a mistake (hamartia), doesn't need to die but he/she must undergo a change in fortune
tragic flaw (hamartia)
the great man falls because of some weakness of character, moral blindness, or error--usually hubris
change from ignorance to awareness (usually due to a horrible event or secret); recognition
by raising the emotion of the audience, tragedy purges the audience of negative emotions; resulting in "purification"
Oracle of Delphi
most important shrine in Greece, built around sacred spring, ask Pythia/priestess questions about the future, pay a lot of money to get a good fortune, fortune in riddle form
low key lighting
when there is a lot of key light but very little fill light on the subject; used for comedies and less dramatic situations
high key lighting
when the key light and fill light are balanced; used for darker & dramatic situations, horrors/dramas/intensity
lighting from the front; character appears harsh, unforgiving, featureless, scary, and unflattering
extreme long shot
supplies background info; humans too small; establishes general location, shows large scale action, contrast with person and environment
human from head to toe; background reduced; characters more in detail and used for action purposes
from waist up; 2-3 characters max; interaction between characters or transition from long to close up
extreme close up
part of face/object in great detail; used for symbolic value, importance of the use of an object, suspense, foreshadowing
camera is low to ground, looking up at subject; indicates character/subject is powerful, impressive, superior
extreme high angle
camera is looking straight down (or nearly straight down) at subject; used for disorienting effect
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