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57 terms

English 1H Final Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Dionysus
god of wine, fertility, and parties
Dionysian Festival
started in Spring; main attraction theater, exultation of soul; dancing and screaming
Greek actors
only men, first to use them was Thespis (only 2 at a time), men that didn't hit puberty played women parts
masks
most essential part. simple, personalized to each character, showed status, made up linen, wood, or leather
Thespis
inventor of tragedy, poet, playwright, chorus leader, created actors/actor troupe, introduced masks, make up and costumes
Sophocles
famous Greek author; height of Greek Tragedy; born in Athens; soldier, general, then government official; used irony; actors chief elements of his plays; 7 plays remain
chorus
consisted of Athenian men and women, 12-15 singers and dancers, provided background info, narrates & reflects, represents society
prologue
dialogue spoken by 1 or 2 people, background info, foreshadows
epilogue
spoken by Chorus of individual actor (or both), closure, moral of story/wisdom, what happens in the future
parados
comes after prologue, chorus, sung and some dance
exodos
dialogue or maybe song while walking offstage, words of wisdom, before epilogue, done by Chorus
strophe
first movement of Chorus in an ode between episodes, chorus turns east to west (right to left) while singing
antistrophe
second movement response to the strophe, opposite of strophe, moves west to east (left to right)
tragic hero
neither a villain nor virtuous person, have/make a mistake (hamartia), doesn't need to die but he/she must undergo a change in fortune
tragic flaw (hamartia)
the great man falls because of some weakness of character, moral blindness, or error--usually hubris
arête
pursuit of excellence
hubris
excessive pride
ate
ruin, delusion (reckless behavior leads towards this)
apotheosis
ascension to god-like status (if lucky)
anagnoresis
change from ignorance to awareness (usually due to a horrible event or secret); recognition
peripeteia
the change in fortune that the tragic hero experiences; reversal
pathos
quality of evoking pity
catharsis
by raising the emotion of the audience, tragedy purges the audience of negative emotions; resulting in "purification"
Oracle of Delphi
most important shrine in Greece, built around sacred spring, ask Pythia/priestess questions about the future, pay a lot of money to get a good fortune, fortune in riddle form
Corinth
Oedipus's supposed birthplace (he thinks); rich, commercial center of ancient Greece
Thebes
rival of Athens, main setting for Oedipus the King, largest city in Greece
dramatic irony
audience knows something the character(s) don't know
allusion
reference to a literary or historical person or event to explain the situation
antagonist
a character or force in conflict with a main character
climax
point of greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense in the plot
conflict
the struggle between opposing forces in a story
denouement
falling action; unraveling of the story
exposition
the introduction
plot
the sequence of events
point of view
the perspective form which a story is told
protagonist
the main character in a literary work
resolution
part of the plot that concludes the falling action
rising action
the part of the plot that begins to occur as soon as the conflict is introduced
setting
the time and place of the action
theme
the central message, concern, or purpose of the story
tone
author's opinion towards/about the subject matter
genre
a category of literature characterized by any particular style, form, or content
low key lighting
when there is a lot of key light but very little fill light on the subject; used for comedies and less dramatic situations
high key lighting
when the key light and fill light are balanced; used for darker & dramatic situations, horrors/dramas/intensity
frontal lighting
lighting from the front; character appears harsh, unforgiving, featureless, scary, and unflattering
back lighting
lighting from behind; character appears threatening, superior/noble
Halloween lighting
lighting from underneath; character appears frightening
extreme long shot
supplies background info; humans too small; establishes general location, shows large scale action, contrast with person and environment
long shot
subjects recognizable; who, what, where
full shot
human from head to toe; background reduced; characters more in detail and used for action purposes
medium shot
from waist up; 2-3 characters max; interaction between characters or transition from long to close up
close up
a single face or object; background is eliminated; used for important, dramatic moments
extreme close up
part of face/object in great detail; used for symbolic value, importance of the use of an object, suspense, foreshadowing
low angle
camera is low to ground, looking up at subject; indicates character/subject is powerful, impressive, superior
high angle
camera is looking down at subject; character is weak or vulnerable
extreme high angle
camera is looking straight down (or nearly straight down) at subject; used for disorienting effect
Dutch angle
also known as the oblique angle; camera is tilted diagonally/shifted; used to hint that something strange is going on

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