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Unit 2: Characteristics of City-States of Mesopotamia
Terms in this set (4)
Archaeologists and historians believe that many city-states were surrounded by a wall for protection against invaders and other city-states. Builders used the materials available to them (mud bricks) to build homes and temples. Near the center of each city-state would be a ziggurat used for worship.
Each city-state was governed by a king. Kings claimed that they received the power to rule from the gods.
Mesopotamians were polytheists, meaning they worshiped many gods. Each city-state typically chose one god as their main god and worshiped them in hopes that their lives would be easier (better crops, more children, good flood season, etc.)
Mesopotamian city-states were independent of each other because they were separated by wide expanses of desert. Deserts are difficult to cross, making trade and communication very difficult. It was important to establish the city-state near a source of fresh water for irrigation purposes.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 2: Social Classes of Mesopotamia
Unit 2: Inventions of Mesopotamia
Unit 2: Leaders of Mesopotamia Empires
Unit 2: Mesopotamian Empires
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