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9 terms

Biology Core Edition Cell Energy

chapters 8.1 8.2 9.1 and 9.3
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Pigment
Light-absorbing molecule
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to carry out photosynthesis
Thylakoids
Saclike photosynthetic membranes where pigments, such as chlorophyll, are located
Stroma
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water
NADP+
One of the carrier molecules that transfers high-energy electrons from chlorophyll to other molecules
Light-dependent Reactions
reactions of photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
Light-independent Reactions
phase of photosynthesis where energy form light dependent reactions is used to produced glucose and additional ATP molecules
calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius; 1 Calorie is equal to 1000 calories
Cellular Respiration
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxygen