5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Straw Man
- Non Sequitur
- a Words used to express something other than and often the opposite of the literal meaning. Verbal-contrast between what is said and what is meant. Situational-contrast between what happens and what was expected. Dramatic-contrast between what the character thinks and what the reader knows.
- b Making one idea more dramatic by placing it next to its opposite. "My goodness is often chastened by my sense of sin"
- c A person engaging in an argument defines the opponent's position without them present. Politicians use it a lot
- d Rhythm of repetition that includes parallel sets of sentences or parallel clauses. "We will fight them in the forests, and fight them in the hills, and in the villages of the dell."
- e "it does not follow" Argument by misdirection and is logically irrelevant
5 Multiple choice questions
- Argument that distracts the reader by raising irrelevant issues. Too many suspects in a murder mystery
- Fallacy of argumentation argues that one thing inevitably leads to another. Politicians use it a lot
- Study of origin of words and historical uses
- Omission of conjunctions from a series of related clauses. "All the orcs ate food, broke the dishes, trashed the hall, beat the dogs to the shower."
- Direct address to someone not present. Nearly always pathos. "O eloquent, just, and mighty Death!"
5 True/False questions
Rhetorical shift → similar to chiasmus. "common sense is not so common", "The demon descended in a crowd toward a village now afraid of the demon"
Zeugma → An appeal to reason, logic of an argument.
Argument from ignorance → Arguing something is true because its never been proven false. There are no aliens, etc.
Syntax → Rules of grammar that define a passage
Epanalesis → similar to chiasmus. "common sense is not so common", "The demon descended in a crowd toward a village now afraid of the demon"