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EH 225 Exam 1 Video Questions
Terms in this set (51)
A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson was an autobiographical narrative written during which century in early America?
The Calvinist doctrine that characterized the moral state of human nature as being that humans were incapable of acting righteously without God's help due to the sinful nature of man was known as_____.
The Calvinist belief that the world and its inhabitants were daily sustained and guided by God's care was known as_____.
The Calvinist belief that sometimes God would suspend the normal workings of the universe and make strange or wonderful things happen, things that a discerning Christian would recognize as particular acts of God, was known as_____.
According to Calvinist theology, the fact that the seasons run in a predictable course, rain falls, and crops grow, would be an example of God's ____.
When a reader is reading "with the grain" of a text, the reader is attempting to _____.
Go beyond a basic comprehension of the text, understand the background of the ideas, the thoughts, and the culture the text emerges from, and not just understand, but also appreciate the text
When Dr. Cesarini says that one of the things that makes a text literature rather than just writing is "that it moves us," he means that the text _____ the reader.
Awes, inspires and provokes
Rowlandson writes in her Narrative about a time when Goodwife Joslyn suggested to her that they should try to escape. According to the text, why did Mary and Goodwife Joslyn not carry out an escape attempt?
Because they read their Bible and believed that God directed them to a verse that said, "Wait."
When an educated reader approaches a text as a skeptical reader, a critical reader, a questioning reader, he or she is said to be reading ____.
Against the grain of the text
The Latin term "in medias res" means, _______.
In the middle of things
According to Dr. Cesarini, Rowlandson's technique of beginning her Narrative at the moment of the Indian's attack on her settlement is effective because it gives the reader a sense of ________.
The shock and trauma of the attack
English-Indian relations were strained in New England, but the spark that ignited the attack on Lancaster by Philip Metacomet's tribe was _______.
The murder of John Sassamon, an Indian who had converted to Christianity
In literary analysis, the fact that both Rowlandson and Franklin wrote about their lives in colonial Massachusetts would be considered a ____similarity.
"In literary analysis, the fact that both Rowlandson and Franklin were concerned with justifying the fact that they were writing about themselves would be considered a ____ similarity.
Reading an author's work through the lens of another author's worldview helps you _____.
Understand each writer better, see things that might not be obvious if reading one author's work in isolation, and develop your own story of American literature
The writings of both Rowlandson and Franklin can be described as didactic. Didactic means: _________.
Mary Rowlandson's wrote her Narrative to serve as a reminder to people of God's sovereignty and goodness.
A reader who has read both Rowlandson's Narrative and Franklin's Autobiography could describe their similarities by saying, "Here are two individuals who have lived extraordinary lives who, by sharing their lessons learned, can teach others how to live their lives."
Both Rowlandson and Franklin are interested in instructing their readers, but not toward the same ends.
Rowlandson is interested in instructing her readers________.
On how people can improve their lives themselves
In Rowlandson's world, everything in life depends on God; in Franklin's world, achievement in life comes through hard work.
Once you understand the worldview and values of two authors, you can compare and contrast their views on a common theme.
Based on your knowledge of Rowlandson's and Franklin's worldviews and values, which of the following common themes would be possible options for a comparison/contrast thought experiment?
Dealing with "bad people", Books and literacy, and Doing the right thing
A closed text is a text ____.
That seems complete and doesn't offer the reader much room for interpretation.
An open text is a text ____.
Filled with ambiguities that invites the reader's interpretation
Franklin's Autobiography would be considered to be a(n) ____ text, while Rowlandson's Narrative would be considered to be a(n) ____.
Errata" is the Latin word for _____.
Did Benjamin Franklin believe in the total depravity of human nature or in the perfectibility of human nature?
The perfectibility of human nature.
Who was the only American who signed all four documents considered to be the documents that established America as a sovereign republic?
British novelist D. H. Lawrence viewed Benjamin Franklin as _____.
A manipulative schemer
The unofficial leader of the movement known as "transcendentalism" was _____.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Emerson believed that _____ is our best source of inspiration and authority—the closest thing we have to Devine.
It is easy to study Emersonian philosophy because by the end of his life, Emerson had summarized his beliefs in concise, systematic set of essays.
In his essay "Nature" when Emerson writes "I am part of particle of God," he is expressing his view that _____.
Human Nature is partly divine.
After Emerson had trained at Harvard and became a Unitarian minister, he later decided that Christianity as too _____ for him and he left the ministry to pursue a career as a writer and philosopher.
Were the ideas in Emerson's idealistic philosophy entirely original or did Emerson incorporate ideas drawn from a combination of precursors?
Emerson incorporated ideas drawn from a combination of precursors.
"Trust thy self; every heart vibrates to that iron string" from Emerson's essay entitled "Self-Reliance" is an example of his unique and radical sense of_____.
Thoreau's writing form, style, and tone sometimes _____ his neighbors in Massachusetts.
Infuriated and Inspired
In "Walden" Thoreau is not concerned as much with the events he records as he is with the ____ of the events.
While Thoreau is essentially the only character in his book Walden, you might say that _____ is like the second major character, a "being of sorts" in Thoreau's manuscript.
You could say that Thoreau puts as much emphasis on _____ as Rowlandson puts on Providence.
In the passage you just read, Thoreau imagines buying what?
At the end of the passage, Thoreau concludes that it is better to buy a farm in your imagination than to buy a farm in reality.
When the author says something that seems impossible or absurd on the surface but that when you look below the surface seems possible or true is an example of _____.
After the lengthy passage about buying farms in imagination, Thoreau says "I found that I had been a rich ran without any damage to my poverty." Thoreau uses this "double paradox" to reveal the profound truth that "money cannot buy happiness".
Thoreau seems to be convinced that people too often mistakenly put their faith in _____.
In the chapter "Where I lived for," Thoreau provokes the reader to seek for _____.
The purpose in life
Understanding the historical context of the Mexican-American War helps you read Thoreau's essay "Civil Disobedience" _____.
With the grain of the text.
Thoreau's purpose for writing his famous essay on the relationship of the individual to the state, "Civil Disobedience", was to _____.
Get his readers who were oppose to slavery and the Mexican-American War to do something about it.
Why was Thoreau arrested and put in jail for one night?
He refused to pay his poll tax in protest of the proslavery agenda of the Mexican War.
It is most accurate to describe Thoreau's essay "Civil Disobedience" as an_____.
An essay containing both argumentative and autobiographical essay elements.
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