A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land; also referred to a decentralized government; existed in Japan and Europe between 600 CE and 1450 CE
East Asia (China)-Han dynasty to 1500 C.E. •Requirement of Chinese emperors that neighbors wishing to trade give gifts and acknowledge superiority of China •China and nomads needed each other •Could benefit both sides (Aztecs and Incas also used this)
(n.) a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions (Ex: split between the Sunni and Shiite Muslims, split between the Roman Catholics and Protestants, split between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics)
A very large flat-bottom sailing ship produced in the Tang and Song Empires (China), specially designed for long-distance commercial travel, especially in the Indian Ocean with the tribute system.
Invented within China during the 9th century, this substance was became the dominate military technology used to expand European and Asian empires by the 15th century.
a unification and blend of Daoist or Buddhist with Confucian beliefs; describes the resurgence of Confucianism and the influence of Confucian scholars during the T'ang Dynasty in China
Type in which each individual character is cast on a separate piece of metal. It replaced woodblock printing, allowing for the arrangement of individual letters and other characters on a page. Invented in Korea 13th Century.
inn or rest station for caravans, would provide a safe place to stay the night, supported the flow of commerce, information, and people across the network of Africa, Arabia and Asia
An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets; it was developed in ancient Greece and further developed in the medieval Islamic world; it encouraged the growth of interregional trade
a commercial and defensive confederation of free cities in northern Germany and surrounding areas; it facilitated (made easier) commercial growth in Europe
immigrants who have relocated from their ancestral homelands and retain their distinct cultural identities as ethnic minority groups in their new host countries (ex: Jews in the Mediterranean, Chinese merchant communities in Southeast Asia, Muslim merchant communities in the Indian Ocean)
A traditional Arab sailing vessel with one or more lateen sails. It is primarily used to carry heavy items, like fruit, along the coasts of the Indian Ocean.