Homonin Phylogeny - ANT2000

Homo floresiensis
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 24
Terms in this set (24)
2 species
- Ardipithecus Kadabba
- Ardipithecus Ramidus
- both discovered Tim White in Middle Awash Ehtipoia
- shows some features suggestive of hominin affinities and bipedality
- they estimate Ardi cranial capacity between 300-350 cc
- Ardi's has an abducted big toe (for climbing and not a sign of bipedality), its mid foot is really stiff life humans
Fossil Evidence 2- Israel 110,000 ya: large smaple (20 individuals) modern, some fairly robust - israel 115,000 ya: minimum of 10 people, modern morphology, earliest modern humans known outside of Africa - etc etcEnter Man 1- Omo Kibish, Ethiopia ~ 195 KYA - Modern cranial features - CHIN! - some of the other individuals from this site don't look as modernEnter Man 2- Herto Ethiopia ~ 160-154 KYA - Other than slightly large supraorbital torus and occipital protuberance, highly modernEnter Man 3- Middle East - Skhul Cave ~ 130-100 KYA Qafseh Cave ~ 120-92 KYAEnter Man 4- Asian Modern Humans - Zhoukoudian CHina (27 KYA) - Tianyuan, China (40 KYA) - Niah Cave, Borneo (45-40 KYA)Enter Man 5- Modern Humans in Australia - Lake Mungo (49 KYA) - Kow Swamp (14-9 KYA)Enter Man 6- Central Europe - Mladec, Czech Republic (31 KYA) - Dolni Vestonice, Czech Republic (26 KYA)Enter Man 7- Western Europe - Cro-Magnon (28 KYA)Climate Changes- affects where they traveledThe Anatomy of Speech- super high pitched - very loud - large noseWhat are the three main morphological characteristics that make speech physically possible highlighted in the article? (Cartmill "The Gift of Gab")1. Hypoglossal nerve should be bigger (controls your tongue_ 2. position of the larynx should be higher (not physiologically adapted but can be behaviorally and culturally adapted) 3. Brain Size (most important feature)What are the physical differences and similarities between the linguistic anatomical features of Homo neanderthalensis and Modern Homo sapiens? (Cartmill "The Gift of Gab")Neanderthals have these things, humans don't- prognathic mid-facial region - occipital bun - double arch brow ridge - long, football, rather than round, shaped skullWhen did neanderthals disappear of earth?30,000 years ago