150 terms

Vocab Lessons 1-10 words

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acolyte
one who assists; follower
bibulous
given to consumption of alcoholic drinks; highly absorbent
coalesce
grow together; unite to form a whole
covert
secret
declaim
to recite something in the style of a public speech
delineate
describe vividly in detail
demagogue
leader who seeks power by appealing to people's emotions
encomium
a tribute; expression of warm and enthusiastic praise
obdurate
resistant to persuasion
prescience
foreshadow
protagonist
chief character in drama or story
sedulous
diligent
trenchant
keenly perceptive
utopia
place or stae of perfect social and political conditions
valedictory
farewell address esp. given at a grad ceremony
absolve
clear from guilt
adumbrate
foreshadow indirectly
apothegm
short instructive saying
aspersion
slander
coadjutor
an assistant; one who works with another
congenital
existing at or dating from birth
`elan
a lively spirit with a distinctive style
germane
pertinent and fitting
hiatus
an interruption or gap in space, continuity, or time
immure
to imprison
ineluctable
not to be avoided or changed
internecine
mutually destructive; relating to conflict within a group
invoke
to appeal to earnestly; cite in justification
prototype
an original
quadrennial
occurring every four years; lasting four years
amalgam
alloy of mercury and other metals; mixture of different elements
antediluvian
very old or old-fashioned
apothecary
one who prepares and sells drugs, etc....for medical purposes
ascetic
refraining from self-indulgence; a person who practices self-denial
beneficient
doing or producing good
charlatan
one who falsely claims knowledge or ability
denizen
an inhabitant, resident, or frequenter of a place
doyen
senior member in a group who is highly respected; oldest ex of a category
flora
plants considered as a group in a particular area or era
imbibe
to consume by drinking; to absorb or take in mentally
nostrum
a medicine or remedy whose effectiveness has not been proven
obviate
to prevent or make unnecessary; get rid of
perennial
lasting indefinitely or recurring
putative
assumed to exist; commonly accepted
savant
person w/ detailed knowledge in a specialized field
approbation
expression of approval; praise
benighted
unenlightened
bourgeois
middle class or member of middle class
credo
strongly held belief
empirical
based on exp or obs as opposed to theory
eschew
to stay away from
expatiate
to speak or write about in great detail
iconoclast
one who attacks est beliefs, customs, or institutions
indigence
an extreme level of poverty
laudable
praiseworthy
mandate
a clear command or instruction
ostensible
only seemingly so
recalcitrant
stubbornly defiant
regurgitate
to expel from the stomach
risible
provoking or causing laughter
archaic
related or belonging to an earlier time
carouse
to take part in noisy, often drunken, merrymaking
chicanery
clever deception through the use of misleading or confusing words or acts
contentious
causing or marked by argument or conflict
dissemble
to conceal with an intent to deceive
egregious
conspicuously bad; flagrant
execrate
to utterly abhor; to denounce as detestable
fealty
faithfulness; allegiance
microcosm
a small system that operates or develops like a larger system; a miniature world
paroxysm
a sudden, violent, and uncontrollable action or occurrence
pecuniary
having to do with money
rectitude
high moral character
stratagem
a clever scheme for gaining an end
stultify
to weaken
vendetta
a blood feud
actuate
to cause to put into mechanical action; to cause to take action
brackish
salty water; having an unpleasant taste
cognitive
relating to mental processes such as awareness, remembering, and reasoning
dissertation
a lengthy, usually written discussion of a topic, often for a college or univ degree
dolorous
causing or marked by pain, misery, or sorrow
endemic
widespread
fecund
producing or capable of producing many offspring; creative
genealogy
the history of a family and how its members are related to one another
inebriated
deprived of good sense and judgment, esp as the result of imbibing alcohol
insidious
seemingly harmless while actually being dangerous
interloper
one who intrudes/interferes in the affairs of others
precursor
a person or thing that comes before and indicates the approach of another; forerunner
presentiment
a feeling that something is about to occur
ramification
an outgrowth of a simple idea or plan; a resulting development or consequence
torpor
a state of mental or physical sluggishness or inactivity
abjure
to renounce formally
amorphous
without a definite shape, boundary, or character
animus
an attitude or spirit within a person that strongly influences him or her; deep-seated ill will
dichotomy
division into 2 distinct parts or groups
exemplar
an example or model, esp an ideal one
herculean
of extraordinary size, power, or difficulty
inchoate
not fully formed or realized
invidious
likely to cause resentment or animosity
melange
a mixture of dissimilar materials
nefarious
very wicked
nihilism
a viewpoint that denies any meaning or value to life
ratify
to approve, confirm, or verify
subsume
to include
variegated
varied as to form, type, or color
vitiate
to impair or weaken
aborigine
an original inhabitant, esp one displaced by later settlers
abrogate
to put an end to; to abolish or appeal
appurtenance
an item of equipment; an accessory
bivouac
a temp camp or shelter
cetacean
a member of the order of marine mammals that includes whales, dolphins, and porpoises
decry
to criticize strongly; to denounce
desuetude
a state of disuse
leviathan
anything that is of enormous size
mawkish
excessively sentimental; having an unpleasant, sickly sweet taste
misapprehend
to fail to understand correctly
parochial
limited or narrow in scope or outlook
purvey
to be in the business of supplying goods, esp food or provisions, for use
recourse
a turning to someone or something for aid; a source of help or support
replete
well supplied; full
waive
to give up as a right; to forgo
apposite
Highly relevant; apt.
calumny
A false accusation meant to hurt someone's reputation; slander.
domain
An area or territory over which control is exercised.
dorsal
Of, on, or near the back.
enervate
To lessen the vigor or strength of; to enfeeble.
epicure
One with discriminating taste, especially but not exclusively relating to food and drink.
exculpate
To clear from alleged guilt or fault.
heterogeneous
Differing in kind or parts; varied.
infinitesimal
Extremely small in size or quantity.
lateral
Of, at, from, or towards the side.
primeval
Of or relating to the earliest ages; primitive.
quintessence
The best or most typical example.
serrated
Having a saw-toothed or notched edge.
veritable
Being, in fact, the thing named or described; literally so. Often used to emphasize the aptness of a metaphor.
viviparous
Producing living young instead of eggs, in the manner of most mammals and some reptiles and fishes.
acumen
keenness of the mind
apotheosis
elevation of a person or thing to divine status; the highest point or best ex
askew
turned or twisted to one side; out of line
chasten
To correct or improve by disciplining; to cause to be more careful or restrained.
demarcation
The act or process of setting a boundary; the boundary itself; separation
dictum
A statement or pronouncement.
erstwhile
Of an earlier time; former.
forte
An activity at which a person excels.
habitue
A person who regularly goes to a particular place.
nonplus
To cause to be at a loss as to what to say or do.
peripatetic
Of or relating to going from place to place, especially on foot.
prodigal
One who spends lavishly or wastefully.
sycophant
One who uses flattery to win favor or to ingratiate him- or herself.
vacuous
Lacking intelligence or ideas; intellectual emptiness.
wraith
A shadowy or ghostlike figure.