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Chapter 1 test
Terms in this set (49)
A __________ government is one in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency.
The prime minister of a parliamentary government is
chosen by the legislature and subject to its direct control
Which of the following is NOT an example of a government classified by geographic distribution of power?
Which of the following is an example of an autocracy?
a monarchy in which a king or queen holds absolute power to rule
Why are confederate governments rare?
The central government tends to be weak since it has only the powers granted to it by its independent member states
Which of the following is an example of a powerful dictatorship that still exists today?
the People's Republic of China
An oligarchy is a(n)
government in which the power to rule is held by a small elite
What is the most common way for dictatorial regimes to gain power?
by military force
In a representative democracy, how are public officials held responsible to the will of the people?
Voters express their approval or disapproval of the officials' actions by casting ballots in elections
What form of government does the United States have?
a representative democracy
The process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests for the maximum satisfaction of all involved is called
Which of the following is NOT one of the four fundamental factors of the free enterprise system?
The democratic concept of equality states that all people in a society are entitled to
equality of opportunity and equality before the law
What is the benefit to democracy of the vast amount of information on the Internet?
Voters can become informed about issues and participate more easily in the democratic process
Which of the following is the best example of the difficulty of striking a balance between individuals' rights and the rights of society as a whole?
An artist uses her freedom of expression to create public artwork that offends a majority of people in her community
How does democracy protect minority rights?
by insisting that the majority listen to the concerns and suggestions of the minority
What is the role of government in a mixed economy?
to regulate, promote, police, and serve the economy while still allowing as much free enterprise as possible
In the free enterprise system, who decides what is to be produced and how much items will cost?
Why does democracy exist in the United States?
because Americans believe in its basic concepts
Why is belief in the worth of the individual so important to democracy?
because democracy holds that each person is a separate and distinct being who plays a role in the government
Who holds the supreme authority in a dictatorship?
a single person or small group of people
Why is the belief in the equality of all persons essential to democracy?
All people in a democracy must be entitled to equality of opportunity and equality before the law
What is the main difference between the executive of a presidential government and the executive of a parliamentary government?
A president is elected by the people, whereas a prime minister is appointed by the parliament
The democratic government of the United States would fall apart without the
American people's belief in the basic concepts of democracy
Which of the following theories expresses the belief that the state developed naturally out of family and tribal organizations?
What are the basic powers that every government holds?
legislative, executive, and judicial powers
Which of the following is an example of a government classified by its relationship between legislative and executive branches?
A unitary government is defined based on what type of classification?
geographic distribution of power
What is the definition of government?
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
Which form of government does not exist at the national level anywhere in the world today?
Which of the following is an example of an oligarchy?
an authoritarian regime such as that of the Soviet Union
Why is it sometimes difficult to honor an individual's rights and freedoms within a free society?
Sometimes a person exercising his or her personal rights or freedoms imposes on the rights and freedoms of others within the society
What does the law of supply and demand state?
When supplies of goods and services become plentiful, prices tend to drop. When supplies become scarcer, prices tend to rise
Which of the following is NOT one the four defining characteristics of all states?
Why does the free enterprise economic system work well with a democratic political system?
Both are based on the idea of individual freedom and reinforce each other in practice
More and more voters get information from the Internet to inform themselves about important issues and help them decide how to vote. What is a drawback to this development?
Information found on the Internet can be false, difficult to verify, or biased
How did the social contract theory influence the formation of the government of the United States?
Its important ideas of popular sovereignty, limited government, and individual rights strongly shaped the thinking of those who established American governmental system
Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of the U.S. government stated in the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution?
to make the United States the most powerful country in the world
A government in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments is called a __________ government.
Because the United States is a sovereign state, it
can determine its own form of government
Scholars who believe the state originated from one person or a small group claiming control over an area and making people in that area submit to their rule support the __________ theory.
Which theory of the origin of the state most strongly influenced the formation of the government of the United States?
social contract theory
Who holds the supreme authority in a democracy?
In a __________, there is an absolute ruler who is not held responsible to the will of the people.
Based on the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution, which of the following is the best summary of the purpose of the government of the United States?
to preserve the liberty and rights of the people
Which of the following is NOT a basic power held by every government?
In what way is modern democracy a challenge to the divine right theory?
Modern democracy is based on the idea that the people have the right to govern themselves, whereas the divine right theory states that God gave those of royal birth the right to rule.
Which of the following is an example of a use of a legislative power?
Congress passing a law to raise safety standards in new automobiles
What are the four defining characteristics of a state?
population, territory, sovereignty, and government
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