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direct democracy

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives


a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law


a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them


a group of people who have the power to make laws


a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country

habeas corpus

the civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment

bill of rights

a statement of fundamental rights and privileges people should have



Christopher Columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)


an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale


economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit


the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys

northwest passage

water route to asia through North America sought by european explorers


a fixed charge for borrowing money


legal document giving certain rights to a person or company

representative government

Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people.

religious freedom

The right to practice your religion and change your religion.

subsistence farming

Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village

cash crop

Farm crop raised to be sold for money


a person who owes money

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