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20 terms

TMS CH 1 American Roots

STUDY
PLAY
direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
jury
a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
legislature
a group of people who have the power to make laws
colony
a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
habeas corpus
the civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment
bill of rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges people should have
cartographer
Mapmaker
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
plantation
an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale
capitalism
economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit
mercantilism
the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
northwest passage
water route to asia through North America sought by european explorers
interest
a fixed charge for borrowing money
charter
legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
representative government
Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people.
religious freedom
The right to practice your religion and change your religion.
subsistence farming
Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village
cash crop
Farm crop raised to be sold for money
debtor
a person who owes money