Upgrade to remove ads
Civics unit 2
Terms in this set (20)
The authors of the Declaration of Independence asserted that they were justified in breaking away from England because
The british king violated their natural rights
What is the best comparison between a direct democracy and a republic?
In a direct democracy, individual citizens personally represent themselves in the government. In a republic, citizens are represented by elected officials in the government.
What phrase is included as a purpose of the national government in the Preamble of the United States Constitution?
"to secure the blessings of liberty"
What best describes how the Founders understood the term justice?
The Founders believed that that the law should equally protect people's freedoms and property.
What is a divine right?
The belief that monarchs get their power to rule from God
According to the principles included in the Declaration of Independence, how does government receive its just (or legitimate) powers?
From the authority of the governed (the people), who express their wishes through elected representatives
The Founders increased the power of the national government in the Constitution as compared to the Articles of Confederation. Why did they think a stronger central government would be better?
stronger central government would be better able to encourage virtue within the states.
What did the Founders believe could be threats to individual rights?
Too little government, too much government and pure democracy (decisions based on majority rule).
What does "consent of the governed" mean?
The people give power to the government through their representatives
Government is formed with the consent of the people, and representatives are elected to govern. Ultimately, whose responsibility is it to ensure that the government changes its behavior if it becomes destructive?
What is justice?
Citizens will be treated fairly and equally under the law
What feature in the U.S. Constitution best reflects the Founders' commitment to rule of law?
The procedure for impeachment and removal from the office of presidency
James Madison wrote that unpredictable and arbitrary laws would:
Destroy opportunities for people to exercise their liberty
What is an example of natural rights (as opposed to legal rights)?
The right to think freely and for oneself
According to the principles included in the Declaration of Independence, what is the main purpose of government?
To protect the (natural) rights of the citizen
Why did the Founders divide power into three branches in the Constitution?
To protect the rights of individuals and states.
To ensure that one branch could not become too powerful.
The Declaration of Independence states that governments are established by
The consent of the governed
Why did the Founders believe the Articles of Confederation was an inadequate framework for government?
The articles did not sufficiently protect the individual rights of citizens
What does "rule of law" mean?
The laws of a country apply equally to everyone and are made by an open, fair, and predictable process.
How did the Founders understand the phrase, "All men are equal"?
All men are born with certain natural rights
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 1 Foundation Of Government Terms
Mrs. Trinkaus MEGA MEGA MIDTERM REVIEW
Civics Midterm Vocabulary
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Insurance Test (Chapters 13-14)
Vocabulary letters and ch1-6