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136 terms

Top GRE Words in Context - Kaplan

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Abate
To reduce in amount
Abstain
To choose not to do something
Aggrandize
to increase in power, influence, and reputation
amalgamate
to combine; to mix together
ameliorate
to make better; to improve
anachronism
something out of place in time
antipathy
extreme dislike
arbitrate
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties
ardor
intense and passionate feeling
assuage
to make something unpleasant less severe
attenuate
to reduce in force or degree; to weaken
audacious
fearless and daring
austere
severe or stern in appearance; undecorated
banal
predictable, boring
bolster
to support; to prop up
bombastic
pompous in speech and manner
cacophony
harsh, jarring noise
capricious
changing one's mind quickly and often
castigate
to punish or criticize harshly
catalyst
something that brings about a change in something else
caustic
biting in wit
chauvinist
someone prejudiced in favor of a group in which he or she belongs
chicanery
deception by means of craft or guile
cogent
convincing and well reasoned
convoluted
intricate and complicated
corroborate
to provide supporting evidence
credulous
to trusting; gullible
deference
respect, courtesy
deride
to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock
desiccate
to dry out thoroughly
desultory
jumping from one thing to another; disconnected
diatribe
an abusive, condemnatory speech
diffident
lacking self confidence
dilate
to make larger; to expand
dilatory
intended to delay
dilettante
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
dirge
a funeral hymn or mournful speech
disabuse
to set right; to free from error
disparate
fundamentally different; entirely unlike
dissemble
to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character
dissonance
a harsh and disagreeable combination, often of sounds
dogma
a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief
dogmatic
dictatorial in one's opinions
dupe
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
efficacy
effectiveness
elegy
a sorrowful poem or speech
enervate
to reduce in strength
engender
to produce, cause, or bring about
enigma
a puzzle; a mystery
enumerate
to count, list, or itemize
ephemeral
lasting a short time
equivocate
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead
erudite
learned, scholarly, bookish
esoteric
known or understood by only a few
estimable
admirable
eulogy
speech in praise of someone
euphemism
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
exacerbate
to make worse
exculpate
to clear from blame; prove innocent
exigent
urgent; requiring immediate action
exonerate
to clear from blame
fawn
to grovel
fervid
intensely emotional; feverish
florid
excessively decorated or embellished
foment
to arouse or incite
garrulous
tending to talk a lot
gregarious
outgoing,sociable
guile
deceit or trickery
iconoclast
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
imperturbable
not capable of being disturbed
impervious
impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
impetuous
quick to act without thinking
implacable
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful
inchoate
not fully formed; disorganized
ingenuous
showing innocence or childlike simplicity
inimical
hostile, unfriendly
innocuous
harmless
insipid
lacking interest or flavor
intransigent
uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled
inundate
to overwhelm; to cover with water
irascible
easily made angry
laconic
using few words
lament
to express sorrow; to grieve
laud
to give praise; to glorify
lucid
clear and easily understood
luminous
bright, brilliant, glowing
malinger
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
mitigate
to lessen; to soften
mollify
to calm or make less severe
obdurate
hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion
obsequious
overly submissive and eager to please
obstinate
stubborn, unyielding
obviate
to prevent; to make unnecessary
occlude
to stop up; to prevent the passage of
onerous
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
opaque
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
opprobrium
public disgrace
ostentation
excessive showiness
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
paragon
model of excellence or perfection
pedant
someone who shows off learning
perfidious
willing to betray one's trust
perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent
permeate
to penetrate
placate
to soothe or pacify
plastic
able to be molded, altered, or bent
pragmatic
practical as opposed to idealistic
precipitate
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
prevaricate
to lie or deviate from the truth
prodigal
lavish, wasteful
proliferate
to increase the number quickly
propitiate
to conciliate; to appease
propriety
correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs
prudence
wisdom, caution, or restraint
quiescent
motionless
rarefy
to make thinner or sparser
repudiate
to reject the validity of
reticent
silent, reserved
rhetoric
effective writing or speaking
satiate
to satisfy fully or overindulge
soporific
causing sleep or lethargy
specious
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
stigma
a mark of shame or discredit
stolid
unemotional; lacking sensitivity
sublime
lofty or grand
tacit
don without using words
tirade
long, harsh speech or verbal attack
torpor
extreme mental and physical sluggishness
transitory
temporary, lasting a brief time
vacillate
to sway physically; to be indecisive
venerate
to respect deeply
veracity
filled with truth and accuracy
verbose
wordy
vex
to annoy
waver
to fluctuate between choices
zeal
passion, excitement