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18 terms

The "Classical Era" In the west

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Persia
Empire in SW Asia created by Cyrus the Great and destroyed by Alex. the Great
Sparta
an ancient Greek city famous for military powers
Athens
a city-state in ancient Greece, The birthplace of democracy
Democracy
government by the people
Parthenon
temple in Athens built to honor the goddess Athena
Socrates
Greek philosopher; socratic method-questioning
Aristotle
A Greek Philosopher, Student of Plato, tutor of Alexander the Great
Erathosthenes
Calculated the circumference of the Earth.
Archimedes
Greek scientist, inventor, and mathematician
Rome
birthplace of the republic and senate
Republic
a system of gov... where leaders are elected by citizens to pass laws
Alexander the Great
Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley
Plebeians
lower class, usually small farmers
Patricians
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
"Rule of Law"
no one is above the law
Twelve Tablets
Roman law code
Pax Romana
a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180
Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ