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Chapter 2: The physical world(world geography)
Terms in this set (28)
innermost layer of the Earth made up of super hot but solid inner core and a super hot liquid outer core.
thick middle layer of Earth's interior structure consisting of hot rock that is dense but flexible.
outer layer of Earth, hard rocky shell forming Earth's surface.
the theory that the continents were once joined and then slowy drifted apart.
the term scientists use to describe the activities of continental drift and magma flow, which create many of Earth's physical features.
molten rock that is located below Earth's surface.
process by which oceanic plates dive beneath continental plates, often causing mountains to form on land.
Slow process in which Oceanic plate slides under a continental plate, creating debris that can cause continents to grow outward.
process by which magma wells up between oceanic plates and pushes the plates apart.
a bend in layers of rock, sometimes caused by plate movement.
a crack or break in Earth's crust.
process of cracking that occurs when the folded land cannot be bent any further.
Chemical or physical processes that break down rocks into smaller pieces.
The movement of weathered rock and material by wind, glaciers, and moving water.
a large body of ice that moves across the surface of the Earth.
Piles of rock debris left by melting glaciers.
regular movement of Earth's water from ocean to air to ground and back to the ocean.
The process of converting into vapor, or gas.
The process of excess water vapor changing into liquid water when warm air cools.
Moisture that falls to the Earth as rain, sleet, hail, or snow.
The removal of salt from seawater to make it usable for drinking and farming.
Water located underground within the Earth that supplies wells and springs.
Underground water-bearing layers of porous rock, sand, or gravel.
The watery areas of the Earth, including oceans, lakes, rivers, and bodies of water.
uppermost layer of the Earth that includes the crust, continents, and ocean basins.
A thin layer of gases that surrounds the earth.
The part of the Earth where life exists.
part of a continent that extends out underneath the ocean.
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