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Unit Four: The Industrial Revolution
a drug that causes lack of feeling or awareness
ends traditional rights
invented the steam engine
used to produce its metal from its ore
of primary important; a major part in a state, or country
an undertaking with purpose, or undertaking
someone who organizes a business venture
putting out system
a simple method of producing goods
inventor of cotton gin
the toll road
a large city in northwestern England
also a city in northwestern England
a process where cities grow, and become more "urban."
bad houses, where many immigrants lived in
an organization of workers that tried to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members
stated that the people were growing out of control, so we needed to stop the births
Utilitarianism creator, and he advocates "the greatest happiness for the greatest number."
doctrine that the useful is the good
a system in which society, (in terms of govern.) owns and controls the means of production
means of production
resources that are essential to the production of goods and services
a British man who believed that humans would reveal their true natural goodness if they lived in a cooperate environment.
founder of modern communism
a social organization that based on holding all property in common, and ownership as a whole.
the working class
a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism instead of a sudden violent overthrow of the system
a man who made manufacturing steel more quickly and efficiently
Swedish man who invented the dynamite
a English man who discovered electromagnetic induction
used for producing electricity
inventor of the light bulb
identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufacturing
a line that has a specific order and everyone has a job to do
a supply of something available for future use
a business firm whose articles of incorporation have been approved in some state
a formal organization of producers that agree to coordinate prices and production
the theory that all contagious diseases are caused by microorganisms
a French chemist, who discovered that heat could kill bacteria
the first man to isolate a bacterium and a virus
founder of modern nursing
English surgeon; first to use antiseptics
the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
self-help groups to aid sick or injured workers
standard of living
the quality of life based on the possession of necessities;
cult of domesticity
idealized view of men going out to work, while women stay out home, taking care of children
campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
organizes women's rights convention
helped organize the first women's rights convention
women being able to vote
freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
developed modern atomic theory
English scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection
abusive behavior towards members of another race
movement that urged Christians to social service
a movement in literature and art that celebrated nature rather than civilization
accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth; "realizing the truth"
English writer who wrote Oliver Twist
an artistic movement to capture an impression of the piece they were drawing
a French painter who used a impressionism called "super-realism,"
Vincent ban Gogh