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History_Ch11_Sec1_The Byzantine Empire
Terms in this set (17)
He was a high-ranking Byzantine nobleman who succeeded his uncle to the throne of the Eastern Empire in 527.
A single uniform code of law which served the Byzantine Empire for 900 years
A magnificient church destroyed in 532 rebuilt by Justinian and hailed by many as the most splendid church in the Christian world.
leading bishop of the East
religious images used by Eastern Christians to aid their devotions
to be outcast from the Church
an alphabe for the writing of Slavic languages, devised by Saints Cyril and Methodius
List Justinian's accomplishments:
Recovered North Africa from invading Germanic tribes in 533, Seized Rome from the Ostrogoths in 535, Won nearly all of Italy and parts of Spain, Launched a hugely ambitious building project: rebuilt Constaninople including a 14-mile stone wall along the coastline, built great churches, enlarged the palace.
What four works made up the Justinian Code?
The Code,The Digest,The Institutes, The Novellae
How did the Byzantines preserve Greco-Roman culture?
Because families valued education, students were focused on Greek and Latin Grammar and philosophy. The students studied the classics of Homer, Euclid, Herodotus and Galen.
What is the Nika Rebellion?
A group of citizens mobbed the Hippodrome because they were angry with the government because of a previous riot. The government stopped the riot by breaking into the theater and slaughtering about 30,000 rebels.
When did Justinian die?
What is the Plague of Justinian?
It was a horrible plague like bubonic plague where in the worst year (542) 10,000 people a day were dying. It lasted from before Justinian's death and ended around 700. It destroyed a huge perccentage of the Byzantine population.
What were some reasons the Byzantine Empire /Constantinople was able to stay in power and keep their enemies at bay?
They used bribes, diplomacy, political marriages and military power. Also, because of its strong walls, its fleet and strategic location.
When did Constantinopole fall and to who did it fall?
In 1453 to the Ottoman Turks.
Why did Eastern Christians rebel against Emperor Leo III in 730?
Emperor Leo III banned the use of religious icons. The emperor views the use of icons as idol worship.
Why did the Christian Church split and what are the divisions?
The pope became involved in the dispute involving the icons and eventually the pope and patriarch excummuniated each other. Christianity officially split betwwen the Roman Catholic Church in the West and Orthodox Church in the East.
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