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CHAPTER 1 SECTION 1 AND 2
Terms in this set (29)
people who moved from place to place searching for food
people who hunt animals and gather plant foods
aka the agricultural revolution. origins of farming and the shift from food-gathering to food producing culture. Monumental shift that transformed humanity
trees and grasses are cut and burned to clear a field. The ash then fertilizes the soil. farmers would plant crops for a year or two then move to a new area of land and repeat the process. Trees and grass then grew back after a few years and the area was once again ready to be slashed and burned.
taming of animals got food and/or labor. early domesticated animals included horses, dogs, goats, and pigs. Created a constant source of food and helped facilitate transition form nomadic to settled lifestyle. This allowed for the subsequent creation of settled areas that became villages and eventually small towns.
which effect of the development of agriculture was most significant?
Increased population, established settlements, domesticated animals
How did cro-magnon's new tools make survival easier?
special spears allowed them to kill game at gerater distances, digging sticks helped harvest plants at the roots, knives to kill and butcher game, fish hooks and harpoons to catch fish, chisel-like cutter to make other tools, bone needles to sew clothing out of animal hides.
what factors played a role in the origins of agriculture?
rising global temperatures extended growing seasons and made drier land cultivating wild grasses. Rich supply of grain helped support larger population base, larger population meant a need to find new food sources to sustain larger numbers and farming fit that need
what were the first crops grown in the americas?
corn, beans, squash, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, white potatoes
what kind of problems did stone age peoples face?
providing enough food, improving methods of hunting and farming, finding good locations to settle, coping with natural disasters and war
in what ways did neolithic people dramatically improve their lives?
provide more food, improved shelter and clothing, time for artistic creations like jewelry, sculptures, and cave paintings
why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in different places
rising global tempteratues meant longer growing seasons, rich supply of grain helped support larger populations which put pressure on hunter gatherers to find new food sources.
human made objects such as tools and jewelry
a people's unique way of life
early human ancestors that walked upright like australopithecines
old stone age 2.5 million to 8000 BCE. first tools emerge
new stone age 8000-3000 BCE. domestication of animals and first crops
ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet needs
species name for modern humans
upright walking and opposable thumbs
burial rituals and shelters
tool-making, fire, language
advanced hunting and language skills
What clues do bones and artifacts give about early peoples?
bones and artifacts tell us the age, size, sex, how long ago they lived and somewhat how they lived
What were major achievements in human history during the Old Stone Age?
major human achievements during paleolithic age were invention of tools, mastery of fire, and development of language
How Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons did differ from earlier peoples?
neanderthals and cro-magnons differed from earlier peoples because both had larger brains, neanderthals had religious beliefs and had ritual burials while cro magnon made specialized tools, planned hunts, and had advanced language skills.
Why was the discovery of fire so important?
the discovery of fire was so important because it provided warmth, cooked food which increased nutritional value, frightened away predators, and helped in settling new lands.
Why will specific details about the physical appearance and the customs of early peoples never be fully known?
specific details about the appearance and customs of early peoples will never fully known because they lived so long ago and there is not enough evidence to speculate about their appearance or customs.
How do recent findings keep revising knowledge of the prehistoric past?
recent findings continue to change our knowledge of the prehistoric past because there are more scientific evidence for classifying them into different species
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 1 Foundations
Unit 1a Pre-History
World History Ch.3- People and Ideas on the Move
Chapter Section 1 History
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