midterm health terms...

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health
a range of states with physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social / family components
wellness
the quality of life that results from a person's health status; the maximum level of health
chronologicalage
actual age of a person, measured from date of birth
physicological age
estimated age from body's health and life expectancy
what is physicological age influenced by
-regular sleep
-not smoking
-regular physical activity
good samaritan law
-law for those who help unconscience adult / one unabble to give actual consent.
-protected from being sued as long as they aren't neglegent / malicious
gastric distention
-occurs when giving rescue breaths
-air goes to stomach instead of lungs
how to minimize gastric distention
-slow breaths
-reposition head
strain
tearing / stretching of muscles / tendons
sprain
tearing of ligaments at a joint
fracture
break, chip, crack in bone
symptoms of a fracture
-pain
-snap heard
-discolouration
-visable bone
RICE
R-rest
I-immobilize
C-cold
E-elevate
arterial bleeding
-bright red blood (oxygenated)
-will spurt
black out
-period of time that a person cannot remember due to extreme consumption of alcohol
ethyl alcohol
1 drink = 1/2 oz pure ethanol
examples of a drink
-1 (12 oz) can of beer
-1 wine cooler
-1 mixed drink
liquor control board
controls all sales of alcoholic beverages
al-anon
recovery program for friends or family members that have relations with alcoholics
al-ateen
recovery program for teens who are related or friends with alcoholics
cirrhosis
-when the liver is scarred
-usually from excessive drinking
nicotine
-stimulant
-causes premature death and addiction
-constricts blood vessels
-increasese bad cholesterol
carcinogen
somethign that causes cancer
carbon monoxide
-odorless gas
-formed with burning of tobacco
-takes place of oxygen on blood cells
chronic bronchitis
pressence of a common mucous-heavy cough
emphysema
-alveoli loose ability to function correctly
-lungs cannot inflate and hold air
-makes breathing harder, more breaths need to be taken
mainstream smoke
smoke directly inhaled into mouth and lungs of smoker
sidestream smoke
smoke from burning cigarette, cigar, pipe
smokeless
-chewed / snorted
-has nicotine
-increases oral cancer
-lead to leukoplakia
-cuts gum / mouth for nicotine to enter blood stream faster
leukoplakia
-abnormal cells in the mouth
-appear white
-can develop into cancer
drugs
a chemical substance that when absorbed into body, changes normal bodily function
drug use
-correct medical purpose use of drug
-appropriate amount of drug
drug misuse
-appropriate amount of drug
-wrong purpse
drug abuse
-taking illegal drugs
-taking drugs for wrong reason
-taking wrong amount of drug
OTC
-over the counter drugs
-nonprescription
-relieve signs / symptoms of illness
prescription
-need written medical order
FDA
-food and drug administration
-run by government
-monitors safety, effectiveness of drugs
Reye's Syndrome
-caused by aspirin
-usually fatal
-usually occurs in children under 15
creatine
-amino acid made in liver, kidneys, pancrease
-herbal suppliment
-does not need to be approved by FDA
doses
amount taken at one time
placebo
sugar pill
withdrawal
when someone stops taking drugs
physical dependence
-chemical change in body
-body needs drug to function
psychological dependence
-strong craving
-can occur without physical dependence
PCP
-hallucinogen
-causes bizarre behavior, sucide, violent acts
stimulants
-speed of central nervous system
-medically used to treat ADHD
narcotics
-depresses central nervous system, relieves pain
codeine
-narcotic
-prescription drug
-found in cough medicine
crude opium
from poppy plant
heroin
-narcotic
-injected
-white
-strong physical dependence
inhalnts
-chemicals
-effect mood / behavior
-most not controlled
-reduces / stops oxygen flow to brain
marijunana
-most popular US drug
-strong psychological dependence
THC
-found in cannabis
-psychological dependance
-helps reduce chemo therapy side effects and help treat glaucoma
hashish
concentrated resin of marijunana
marijunana possesion laws
-20 g = misdemeanor
-30 days in jail
-$500 fine
amotivational syndrome
-THC remains in body
-needs less to get high
sedatives
-depress central nervous system
-psychological / physical dependance
barbiturates
sudden withdrawal can result in death
hallucinogens
-interfere with senses
-causes hallucinations
-ex: LSD, PCP
-psychological dependance
flashbacks
sudden hallucination after not using hallucinogen for years
ecstasy
-acts like stimulant
-causes people to be sexullary irresponible
-common at rave parties
steroids
-related to hormones
-legal use = treat medical conditions
-illegal use = build muscles, improve athletic performance
-lead to liver damange, sterility, masculinization of males
coronary arteries
blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to heart muscles
vein
carries deoxygenated blood towards heart
artery
-carry oxygenated blood away from heart
-thick musclar walls
plaque
hardened deposists of fat
HDL
-good chloestrol
-takes fat out of body
LDL
-bad cholestrol
-high levels can lead to athersclerosis
-builds up in arteries
atherosclerosis
-when plaque builds up on artery walls
-worsens hypertention
embolism
traveling blood clot
thrombus
stationary blood clot
hemorrhage
-breaking of artery
-from aneurysm
aneurysm
-ballooning out of artery at weak point
coronary thrombosis
blood clot in coronary artery
benign tumor
-harmeless
-causes no purpose for body
malignant
-cancerous tumor
-may spread to other body parts
metastasize
spread of cancer
stroke
-caused by blocked, broken blood vessel in brain
-lack of oxygen to brain
symptoms of stroke
-loss of speech
-paralysis
-dizziness
heart attack
-when blood vessels to heart are blocked
-heart does not get blood
hypertension
-high blood pressure
fat
-provides energy
-helps store vitamins
calories fat per 1 g
9 g
saturated fat
-solid at room temperature
-raises LDL
-most unhealthy
carbohydrates
-main source of energy for body
-maintains tissue protein
-metabolizes fat
calories carbohydrates per 1 g
4 g
calories protein per 1 g
4 g
caloric intake / expenditure
weight gain / weight loss
obesity
when a person is over 20% of desired body weight
antioxidant
protects cells against oxidation
metabolisim
rate of food converison into energy
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder when a person starves themselves
bulimia
when a person binges and then purges
communicable disease
-caused by pathogens
-can be spread between living things
pathogen
microbes that cause infectious disease
vas deferens
transports sperm from epididymis to penis
structual defense examples
-cilia
-tears
-digestive juices
cellular defense examples
-white blood cells
-lymph nodes
inborn immunity
temporary immunity a baby has from mother's antibodies
gonorrhea
-infection of genital and uinary tract
-bacterial
gonorrhea symptoms
painful peeing
syphilis
-bacterial
gonorrhea symptoms
-chancres
gonococcus
bacteria that causes gonorrhea
spirochete
bacteria that causes syphilis
herpes
causes blisters, sores
HPV
-warts in genital area
-can lead to cervical cancer
chlamydia
-painful urination
-unusual discharge from penis or vagina
abstinence
refraining from sex
types of rape
-acquaintance: when a person knows rapist
-date: when rape occurs in dating situtation
-street: rape by stranger
most common type of rape
acquaintance
what to do if you are raped
seek medical attention ASAP
three C's in first aid
-Check, check scene, victim
-Call, call 911
-Care, start giving care; lifethreatening injuries first
why check the A, B, C's
-check for lifethreating conditions
method for opening airway
-tilt head back
-lift chin
why is the tilt lift so important
allows to check for breathing
what does the tilt lift do
opens airway
who are conscious choking chest thrusts performed on?
-adults
-not pregnant woment or obese people
rate of chest compressions during cpr
100 / minute
ratio of compressions to breaths
30 : 2
how far should you compress chest
1.5 - 2 inches
when do you stop giving cpr
-if advanced medical professions come
-aed starts
-you're in danger
how do you spilnt a body part
-in position found
-only if pain isn't caused
-above and below injury
best care for a disolcated finger
anatomic splint
how long do you apply ice
20 minutes on / 20 minutes off
how many hours do you apply ice
72 hours
how to controll bleeding
-cover with dressing, press firmly
-elevate above heart
-cover with nonstick bandaid
symptoms of shock
-disorientation
-rapid breathing
-dilated pupils
treatment for shock
-lie down / rest
-maintain normal body temperature
-make sure advanced help is on way
alcohol
depressant
bac
legally determines level of intoxication
alcohol laws on transporting, consuming, or possessing
all illegal under 21
DUI BAC limits
-under 21: 0.02
-over 21: 0.08
tests used to check BAC
-breathalyzer