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cell division

process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells

asexual reproduction

process of reproduction involving a single parent that results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent

sexual reproduction

type of production in which cells from two parents unite to form the first of a new organism


threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic information that is passed from one generation to the next


substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly coiled around histones

cell cycle

series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division, and divides to form two daughter cells


period of the cell cycle between cell divisions


part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides


division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells


first and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic material inside the nucleus condenses and the chromosomes become visible


region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach


one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome


structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell division


phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell


phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move of opposite ends of the cell


phase of mitosis in which the distinct individual chromosomes begin to spread out into a tangle of chromatin

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