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(Cl-), anion. Required for hydrochloric acid, fluid balance, and pH. Most abundant anion in ECF.
Dietary Sources of Chloride
(fruits) dates, bananas, (dairy) cheese, milk, (veggies) canned veggies, soup, spinach, celery, olives, rye, (meat, fish, poultry) eggs, crabs, fish, turkey
Causes: Vomiting or excessive nasogastric or fistula drainage due to loss of hydrochlorice acid. When serum chloride levels metabolic alkalsis results as the body adapts by increasing reabsorption of the bicarbonate ion to maintain electrical neutrality.
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